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452. CGIARにおける日本・日本人研究者の科学的貢献をJARQで情報発信 – 特別号論文公表

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452. CGIARにおける日本・日本人研究者の科学的貢献のJARQで情報発信 – 特別号論文公表

CGIARは、開発途上国の農林水産業の生産性向上、技術発展を目的に1971年に設立された国際組織であり、傘下の15の国際機関(2020年現在)が独立した研究機関として機能し、作物、畜産、森林、漁業および自然資源管理など多様なテーマに即し、国際農業研究のフロンティアとして世界の食料・環境問題解決に貢献してきました。日本はCGIARの設立時から現在に至るまで、CGIARに対し資金・人的面で多くの貢献を行っています。2017年までにCGIARに所属した日本人スタッフは累計240人、日本人理事経験者も70人を超え、数多くの研究成果をあげるとともに、日本の研究機関や大学との共同研究を活性化させる等、CGIARと日本の架け橋として重要な役割を果たしてきました。

CGIARが2021年に設立50周年を迎えることを機に、CGIARの15機関における日本・日本人研究者の科学的貢献とその主要な成果を、Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly(JARQ)の特集号として取りまとめ、今回、国際農研ホームページ上に公表しました。

掲載論文は序章(1本)、CGIAR沿革・近年のOne CGIARの動向についての情報(1本)、CGIARの各機関による主要な成果の研究レビュー(14本)およびCGIARの機関と国際農研の共同研究成果の研究レビュー(1本)です。

 

Preface to the Special Issue. Kazuki SAITO, Miyuki IIYAMA, Satoru MURANAKA https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss1

Changing Agendas of CGIAR’s International Agricultural Research. Norihito KANAMORI, Miyuki IIYAMA  https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss17

Potato Germplasm Enhancement with Genetic Resources and Biotechnology Applications and Related Achievements in the Early Years of the International Potato Center (CIP). Kazuo N. WATANABE, Rodomiro Otavio ORTIZ RIOS, Tri HANDAYANI  https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss7

Three Decades of Safeguarding and Promoting Use of Agricultural Biodiversity: Changing Global Perspectives, Paradigm Shifts and Implications. Yasuyuki MORIMOTO, Patrick MAUNDU  https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss3

Agriculture in the Semi-Arid Tropics with Sustainable Use of Scarce Resources: Contribution of Japanese Scientists through Collaboration with ICRISAT. Satoshi TOBITA  https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss9

Diversified Approaches to Evaluate Wide Genetic Resources of Cowpea for Enhancing New Variety Development for West Africa and Its Social Implementation by Cowpea Research Program of IITA. Haruki ISHIKAWA, Ryo MATSUMOTO  https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss11

Crop Development with Data-driven Approach towards Sustainable Agriculture: Lifting the Achievements and Opportunities of Collaborative Research between CIAT and Japan. Satoshi OGAWA, Michael Gomez SELVARAJ, Manabu ISHITANI  https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss4

Integrated Research for Development Approach to Upgrade the Whole Rice Value-chain in Sub-Saharan Africa: Contribution of Africa Rice Center after NERICA (New Rice for Africa).  Koichi FUTAKUCHI, Kazuki SAITO  https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss2

Japan and IRRI: Contributions to International Rice Research for Sustainable Development, Lessons Learned and Ways Forward.  Yoichiro KATO, Keiichi HAYASHI  https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss13

Contribution of Japanese Scientists to Global Agricultural Science and Production in Wheat and Maize at CIMMYT. Masahiro KISHII  https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss6

The CGIAR–JIRCAS Partnerships for Sustainable Food Systems: Rice Blast Differential Systems and Biological Nitrification Inhibition as Examples. Satoru MURANAKA, Yoshimichi FUKUTA, Guntur V. SUBBARAO, Tadashi YOSHIHASHI  https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss18

Managing Scarce Water Resources in the Drylands of West Asia and North Africa: Review of Joint Research between ICARDA and Japanese Researchers. Masafumi TAMURA, Theib OWEIS, Vinay NANGIA, Stefan STROHMEIER  https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss8

Agricultural, Economic, and Human Development: Joint Research Contributions of Japan and International Food Policy Research Institute.  Hiroyuki TAKESHIMA, Futoshi YAMAUCHI, Masahito ENOMOTO   https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss10

Improving the Livelihood of Livestock and Farmers and Public Health in Developing Countries through the Provision of Solutions for the Various Risks They Face.  Kohei MAKITA, Munenobu IKEGAMI, Tomoya MATSUMOTO https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss12

Climate Change and Social Forestry: An Overview of CIFOR Research on Enhancing Resilience in Boreal and Tropical Forest Landscape. Daisuke NAITO, Moira MOELIONO, Vladimir CHAKOV, Victoria KUPTSOVA, Kusin KITSO, Walter LINTANGAH, Ricky MARTIN, Nina YULIANTI  https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss5

Fish in Sustainable Food Systems of the 21st Century: Role of WorldFish Research on Food and Nutrition Security, Gender Equity, and Natural Resource Conservation. Yumiko KURA, Nozomi KAWARAZUKA  https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss16

Agroforestry System Research: Identification of Land Use Change Drivers and Scaling Up of Trees on Farms for Transforming Livelihoods and Landscapes. Miyuki IIYAMA, Cathy WATSON, Motoe MIYAMOTO  https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/20ss15 

 


参考文献
JARQ : Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly vol. 55 Special Issue https://www.jircas.go.jp/ja/publication/jarq/55/5

(文責:社会科学領域・Africa Rice Center 齋藤和樹、生産環境・畜産領域 村中聡、情報プログラム 飯山みゆき)