“Global Renewables Outlook: Energy Transformation 2050”, formerly known as “Global Energy Transformation: a roadmap to 2050”, was published by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in April 2020. This comprehensive analysis outlines the investments and technologies needed to decarbonize the energy system in line with the Paris Agreement. It also explores deeper decarbonization options for the hardest sectors, aiming to eventually cut CO2 emissions to zero.
ICRAF Publishes “Climate-Smart Agriculture: Enhancing Resilient Agricultural Systems, Landscapes, and Livelihoods in Ethiopia and Beyond”
The World Agroforestry (ICRAF) published a book entitled “Climate-Smart Agriculture: Enhancing Resilient Agricultural Systems, Landscapes, and Livelihoods in Ethiopia and Beyond” with the aim of compiling climate-smart technologies and practices towards achieving increased productivity and enhanced resilience to climate change, and to provide guidance for academic, policy, research, outreach and development stakeholders in applying climate-smart technologies.
The Food and Agriculture Organization the United Nations released a new publication identifying the impact of digital innovations and technologies in agriculture and rural areas amidst the future challenges due to increasing world population. The publication entitled “Digital Technologies in Agriculture and Rural Areas – Status Report” provides an overview of the impact of digitalization in agriculture and how it could transform the agri-food value chain.
The UN Environment Program (UNEP) Emissions Gap Report for 2019 warns that the global greenhouse gas emissions must fall by 7.6 per cent each year between 2020 and 2030 so that the world will remain on track towards the 1.5°C temperature target under the Paris Agreement and control the impact of climate change.
World Meteorological Organization Bulletin on the State of Greenhouse Gases in the Atmosphere Based on Global Observations through 2018
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) released the Greenhouse Gas Bulletin on the State of Greenhouse Gases in the Atmosphere Based on Global Observations through 2018, showing that the global average concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O) in the atmosphere are 147%, 259% and 123% of pre-industrial levels, respectively.
The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) released a publication entitled “Advanced Bioduels: What holds them back?” with detailed analyses on the impediments to current investment in advanced liquid biofuels in line with the call for a fivefold increase in consumption in 2050.
Ms Cathy Watson, Chief of Programme Development at the World Agroforestry (ICRAF) in Nairobi, Kenya gave a presentation entitled “Agroforestry as a nature-based solution”, at a seminar held in Tokyo on November 11, 2019, providing updates on agroforestry, forestry research for development (R4D), drivers, and game-changers with specific examples from developing countries.
A meeting to assess the research needs in establishing a comprehensive management system for the fall armyworm was co-organized by JIRCAS with Thailand’s Department of Agriculture (DOA), Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives from 17th to 18th October 2019.
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) released the 2019 edition of the State of Food and Agriculture (SOFA 2019). SOFA is a major publication of the FAO which aims to provide the general public with a well-balanced and scientific assessment of important issues in the field of food and agriculture. This new edition addresses the issue of food loss and food waste, providing new estimates as Food Loss Index (FLI) and Food Waste Index (FWI), a comprehensive analysis of the critical loss points in the global food supply chain, and appropriate measures that can be undertaken by policy makers for effective reduction.
Overview of the “United in Science - High-level synthesis report of latest climate science information” released by the Science Advisory Group of the UN Climate Action Summit 2019
The world's top organizations on climate change research, including the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have jointly released a report entitled “United in Science - High-level synthesis report of latest climate science information” in line with the UN Climate Change Summit held in New York on September 23, 2019.
Digitalisation of African Agriculture (D4Ag) Report of the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation
The Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA) has published the Digitalisation of African Agriculture (D4Ag) 2018-2019 Report, summarizing the current state of digital agricultural transformation to meet food and nutrition security while responding to climate change. The report focused on how far the D4Ag has advanced as of 2019, providing perspectives on where it will go in the next 3–5 years, and clarifying what it will take to maximize its potential and explore the roles of different stakeholders for agricultural transformation that can feed Africa.
The Global Commission on Adaptation released a report “Adapt Now: A Global Call for Leadership on Climate Resilience”, urging governments and businesses to take immediate action in dealing with the impacts of climate. Adoption of appropriate adaptation measures can lead to a “triple dividend” through avoiding future losses, generating economic benefits through innovation, and providing social and environmental benefits.
The Thai Science and Technology Fair is the largest fair of the year in Thailand featuring advances in science and technology. The 2019 fair under the concept of “Science, Technology and Innovation: Inspiring Creativity for Better Living and Sustainability for the Nation” was held at the Impact Exhibition and Convention Center in the province of Nonthaburi from August 16-25, 2019.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a group of scientists assessing the state of scientific knowledge related to climate change, has released a Special Report on Climate Change and Land (SRCCL) summarizing the impact of climate change on desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse emissions in terrestrial ecosystems, on August 8, 2019 in Geneva, Switzerland.
The Food and Agriculture Organization released the 2019 edition of the “State of Food Security in the World” providing an overview of food insecurity, hunger and malnutrition at the global and regional levels. Among the major highlights, it is estimated that more than 820 million people in the world were still hungry in 2018 underscoring the immense challenge of achieving the SDG of Zero Hunger by 2030.
The 2019 Revision of World Population Prospects has been released by the United Nations Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat providing projections of population growth, demographic estimates, and associated population indicators such as number of births per woman, aging population, proportion of active workers etc. The population is expected to reach 8.5 billion in 2030 (10% increase), 9.7 billion in 2050 (26%), and 10.9 billion in 2100 (42%) from 7.7 million in 2019.
The International Renewable Agency (IRENA), an intergovernmental organization that supports countries in their transition to a sustainable energy future, has published a study on the bioenergy potential from sugarcane and associated development costs in seven sugar-producing countries in the Southern Africa focusing on economic potential in expanding bioenergy production and reducing price of fuel and electricity.
The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES）has published a summary of the Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services for policy makers. The report includes a comprehensive analysis of the impact of economic development over the past 50 years on natural resources and ecosystems and possible scenarios in the coming decades, based on nearly 15,000 references including scientific papers and government information prepared by experts from 50 countries.
The Food Security Information Network (FSIN) released the Global Report on Food Crises 2019. The report focuses on the plight of millions of people suffering from acute hunger and malnutrition. It also points out that conflict, economic shocks, climate change and natural disasters continue to put the lives and livelihoods of large number of people around the world at risk of hunger.