Environment and Natural Resource Management
Development of agricultural technologies for sustainable management of the environment and natural resources in developing regions
Climate change and environmental degradation have been escalating on a global scale. This program copes with these issues by developing and demonstrating technologies jointly with research institutes and extension organizations in Asian and African countries as well as local farmers involved.
Regarding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agricultural activities, the development of agricultural systems that reduce methane emissions and attain better carbon balance will be promoted through the introduction a water-saving irrigation scheme in paddy fields and through effective linkage of crop and livestock systems.
New technologies will be elaborated to reduce crop damage caused by extreme phenomena such as floods and erratic rainfall. In vulnerable regions where land degradation is accelerated and problem soils have expanded, technologies that sustain stable crop yield, in terms of crop improvement, cropping techniques, and soil and water management at a watershed scale, will be developed. The dissemination models will be proposed and demonstrated to apply these new technologies into target areas.
The development of breeding materials with enhanced biological nitrification inhibition (BNI) ability will be endeavored for more effective utilization of nitrogen fertilizer and to reduce nitrous oxide (N2O) gas emissions chiefly from cropping uplands and grasslands.
Continuous application of rice straw compost increases rice yield and contributes to carbon sequestration in paddy fields in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
Estimation of nitrogen load to groundwater at a sugarcane monocropping area in the Philippines
Technical manual on building a low-cost, shallow subsurface drainage system for mitigating salinization
Further insights into underlying mechanisms for the release of biological nitrification inhibitors from sorghum roots
Related JIRCAS Report
On 10-12 October 2018, FAO and APEC held an international workshop on “Rice Landscapes and Climate Change” supported by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan at the ibis Styles Bangkok Khaosan Viengtai, Bangkok, Thailand.
On 26 October 2018, JIRCAS signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishing collaborative research with the French Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences - Paris (iEES Paris).
Event, Symposium, Workshop
Place:Nobumoto Ohama Memorial Hall. (2-70 Tonoshiro, Ishigaki, Okinawa, JAPAN)
Business Trip Reports
|H30-0217||2018-09-2018-09||Myanmar||ポストモンスーン期における圃場消費水量調査の実施||Environment and Natural Resource Management|
|H30-0233||2018-09-2018-10||Myanmar||モンスーンライス期普通期における灌漑地区水利用観測及び内水氾濫にかかる諸元調査||Environment and Natural Resource Management|
|H30-0196||2018-09-2018-09||Burkina Faso||現地成果検討会とステークホルダー会議開催に関する打合せ及び現地調整||Environment and Natural Resource Management|