Environment and Natural Resource Management
Development of agricultural technologies for sustainable management of the environment and natural resources in developing regions
Climate change and environmental degradation have been escalating on a global scale. This program copes with these issues by developing and demonstrating technologies jointly with research institutes and extension organizations in Asian and African countries as well as local farmers involved.
Regarding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agricultural activities, the development of agricultural systems that reduce methane emissions and attain better carbon balance will be promoted through the introduction a water-saving irrigation scheme in paddy fields and through effective linkage of crop and livestock systems.
New technologies will be elaborated to reduce crop damage caused by extreme phenomena such as floods and erratic rainfall. In vulnerable regions where land degradation is accelerated and problem soils have expanded, technologies that sustain stable crop yield, in terms of crop improvement, cropping techniques, and soil and water management at a watershed scale, will be developed. The dissemination models will be proposed and demonstrated to apply these new technologies into target areas.
The development of breeding materials with enhanced biological nitrification inhibition (BNI) ability will be endeavored for more effective utilization of nitrogen fertilizer and to reduce nitrous oxide (N2O) gas emissions chiefly from cropping uplands and grasslands.
Related JIRCAS Report
Certificate of Appreciation from the Director of Burkina Faso’s National Institute of Science and Technology
The Director of Burkina Faso’s National Institute of Science and Technology (CNSRT) presented a certificate of appreciation to Dr. NAGUMO Fujio, Director of Crop, Livestock and Environment Division, in recognition of the joint research projects of JIRCAS that contribute to research in science and technology and human resource development in the country.
TAKENAKA Koichi (Senior Researcher, Rural Development Division) and Dr. NISHIGAKI Tomohiro (Researcher, Crop, Livestock and Environment Division) of JIRCAS were invited at a ceremony held on February 21, 2020 to promote the water and soil conservation project in Tsada Naele community, Kilte Awlaelo district, Tigray regional state, Ethiopia.
Business Trip Reports
|H31-0462||2020-02-2020-03||Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Myanmar||1.ブルキナファソにおける農地利用に関する調査（A2-1a ブルキナファソ）、2.エチオピアにおける樹木バイオマス調査（A2-2a エチオピア）、3.ミャンマー塩害地域における米の生育調査（A1-II-1a ミャンマー）||Environment and Natural Resource Management|
|H31-0399||2020-02-2020-02||Mexico, Philippines||1.高BNIコムギ品種の作出に向けた研究打合せ並びにBNI能の検証のためのポット試験及び圃場試験の準備、2.研究打合せ、水文観測機器の保守、3.圃場試験準備と圃場管理業務に関する委託契約||Environment and Natural Resource Management|
|H31-0470||2020-02-2020-03||Ghana, Burkina Faso||1.プロジェクトサイトの農家調査等、2.プロジェクトサイトの農家調査に関する打合せ等||Environment and Natural Resource Management, Stable Agricultural Production|