In October 2020, Prime Minister Suga declared the goal of realizing a carbon-neutral, decarbonized society by 2050. In response, the government formulated the “Green Growth Strategy with Carbon Neutrality by 2050”, hereinafter referred as “Green Growth Strategy”.
The Green Growth Strategy sees the wide range of climate change mitigation measures as an opportunity to transform the industrial structure and achieve growth. By changing the conventional mindset and taking proactive measures, the government creates a “virtuous cycle between the economy and the environment” that will bring the changes in the industrial structure and socio-economy and lead to further growth.
To achieve this goal, 14 production sectors have been identified that are expected to grow as a result of global warming countermeasures, and “Development of biological nitrification inhibition (BNI) enhanced varieties to reduce GHGs and water pollutants”, is listed as one of the promising innovations in the action plan in the 9th sector, “Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.” Green Growth Strategy states that the government should set high goals and mobilize all policies for its realization. BNI technology is receiving increasing attention and further strengthening of BNI research is necessary to accelerate technology development and dissemination phases toward this 2050 agenda.