Field Information - Pick Up

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    595. World Food Price Index for July 2022

    On August 6, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) released its World Food Price Trends, reporting that prices fell for the fourth consecutive month since March, when they reached an all-time high, but remained 13% above their level a year ago. The decline reflects, among other things, significant declines in vegetable oil and grain price indexes.

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    594. Online Registration for TICAD8 Official Side Event “Managing African Soil for Food Security and Environmental Sustainability: Opportunities and Challenges of Agronomy to Solve Low Fertility/Nutrient Bottlenecks” Starts Today

    Today, the official TICAD 8 side-event "Healthy Soils and Food Security in Africa - Potential of Regenerative Agriculture," organized by the Sasakawa Africa Association and JIRCAS goes online at 19:30 ~ 22:15 (JST). Online registration for the other official TICAD8 side-event, “Managing African Soil for Food Security and Environmental Sustainability: Opportunities and Challenges of Agronomy to Solve Low Fertility/Nutrient Bottlenecks” organized by JIRCAS and to be held on August 30, is also open from today. We hope you will consider registering to attend.
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    593. Special Page on Agricultural Research in Africa Now Open

    The 8th Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD8) will be held on August 27 (Sat) and 28 (Sun), 2022. In conjunction with this event, we created the Information Page on Agricultural Research in Africa which is now available on the JIRCAS website.

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    592. TICAD8 Official Side-Event "Healthy Soils and Food Security in Africa: Potential of Regenerative Agriculture" Registration Deadline Tomorrow at 5pm

    The day after tomorrow, Friday, the event "Healthy Soils and Food Security in Africa - Potential of Regenerative Agriculture" will finally be held online. This seminar has now been registered as an official TICAD8 side-event. In addition to keynote speeches by world-renowned soil science and agronomy researchers, stakeholders working on soil research technology development, extension, and policy in Africa will discuss healthy soils in the African context, and the nature of cooperation to achieve food security and environmental sustainability through healthy soils.
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    591. JIRCAS Affiliated Researcher SAITO Kazuki Receives 7th Niigata International Food Award 21st Century Hope Prize

    On July 28, the winners of the 7th Niigata International Food Award, which is given to individuals who have devoted themselves to solving problems in the fields of food and agriculture, were announced. Among the five awardees this year, Dr. SAITO Kazuki, an affiliated researcher at JIRCAS, received the 21st Century Hope Prize.
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    590. Access to Sustainable Environment is a Universal Human Right

    The effects of climate change are becoming increasingly evident, as evidenced by the first ever heat wave over 40°C reported in the UK on July 18/19 and the UN General Assembly's resolution on July 28 declaring access to a clean, healthy, and sustainable environment a universal human right. The UN resolution stated that the triple threats to the environment that humanity faces - climate change, pollution, and biodiversity loss - have different causes and effects, but are interrelated and must be addressed simultaneously for the future of our planet.
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    589. Earth Overshoot Day 2022

    Yesterday, July 28, was Earth Overshoot Day 2022. Last year it was August 2, five days earlier. We are now facing climate change and biological resource constraints, and we need to take all possible steps to build a more resilient society. Among these measures are eliminating resource inefficiency in food production, and preventing food loss and waste.
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    588. Soil-binding Capacity of Plant Root Systems to Prevent Collapse of Earth Canals and Levee Slopes

    JIRCAS is working on a technology to reinforce paddy field irrigation facilities in Ghana by covering the ground surface of levees and irrigation canals with native plants. The above-ground part of the cover plants has a covering effect to prevent raindrop erosion, while the underground part is largely related to the soil-binding effect to prevent cracks and collapse. We tested three species of native plants and obtained information on the time it takes to develop soil-binding, differences in soil-binding capacity depending on the presence or absence of vegetation, and the mechanism of soil-binding.
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    587. Global Wheat Supply and Food Security Stabilization

    The Ukraine-Russia war is expected to have an enormous impact on global food security in the coming months. Researchers at CIMMYT, a leading international wheat and corn research institute, have proposed short and long-term measures to stabilize global wheat supplies and food security in the journal Nature Food.
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    586. Role of Healthy Soils

    The important role of healthy soils in crop production to support human and livestock nutrition has been the focus of much attention in recent years. There is a growing need to assess soil fertility status and the challenges it faces from both a scientific and policy perspective, and the international community has been working to educate the public through various events. JIRCAS is also planning a series of events on science, technology, and development topics to improve soil health and fertility on the occasion of TICAD 8. We hope you will join us.
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    585. The State of Agricultural Commodity Markets

    On July 22, the United Nations and Turkey brokered an agreement to resume grain shipments from the Black Sea to Ukraine, but within 24 hours an attack on the port of Odessa was reported, casting a pall over the situation. The State of Agricultural Commodity Markets 2022 (SOCO 2022), released by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) at the end of June 2022, addresses the geography of food and agricultural trade and demonstrates that efforts to promote multilateral and regional trade are essential to increase food system resilience to shocks such as conflict, pandemics, and extreme weather events, and to achieve sustainable development.
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    584. The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2022

     

    The United Nations released The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2022 on July 7, providing a global overview of progress on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, using the latest available data and estimates.

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    583. TICAD8 Side-Event Poster: “Healthy Soils for Food Security in Africa - Potential of Regenerative Agriculture”

    As recently announced in Pick Up, the Sasakawa Africa Association (SAA) and JIRCAS will co-host a TICAD 8 side-event “Healthy Soils for Food Security in Africa - Potential of Regenerative Agriculture” online via Zoom on August 5 (Fri), 2022. The poster of the event is now available. Please take a look.
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    582. The Need for a Multifaceted Assessment of the Value of Nature

    Biodiversity is being lost at an unprecedented rate due to human economic activities. On July 11, the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) released a comprehensive review of methodologies for assessing biodiversity values (The Value Assessment), which raised the issue that the value of nature is undervalued in policy and economic decision-making.

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    581. Drought Risk for Almost Half of EU and UK

    For the first time, the UK Met Office has issued the Red alert warning of health risks due to an extreme heatwave predicted for the week of July 18/19. This is the first time that temperatures above 40°C have been predicted in the U.K., a tenfold increase in probability under anthropogenic climate change. The EU also issued a warning that nearly half of the EU and the U.K. are at risk of drought, citing concerns over the impact on crop production.

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    580. Online Event: Healthy Soils for Food Security in Africa ― Potential of Regenerative Agriculture

    For too long, African agriculture has suffered from chronically low soil fertility and nutrient deprivation, resulting in low agricultural productivity and a food security crisis. Now, more than ever, the need for "healthy soils for healthy crops" is critical to Africa's agricultural development, and on Friday, August 5, the Sasakawa Africa Association (SAA) and JIRCAS will co-host an online TICAD 8 side-event "Healthy Soils for Food Security in Africa - Potential of Regenerative Agriculture”. We look forward to your participation.
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    579. Key Messages of The State Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2022

    The State Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2022 by UN agencies (FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP, WHO) has recently been released. Today, with the permission of the FAO Liaison Office in Japan, we would like to share with you excerpts of the key messages regarding the food and nutrition situation.

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    578. World Population Prospects 2022: Reaching 8 Billion on November 15

    The United Nations has released its World Population Prospects 2022 report on the occasion of World Population Day on July 11. The report predicts that the world population will reach 8 billion on November 15, 2022. The report states that reaching 8 billion people is both a cause for celebration and a call to find solutions to the challenges humanity will face in the future.

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    577. Year-round Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) Improves Farmers' Profits and Reduces Greenhouse Gas Emissions ― Promising mitigation and adaptation measures for climate change to be deployed in the Asia-Monsoon region―

    The Mekong Delta, located in southern Vietnam, is the country's largest paddy rice cropping region, with fertile lowlands and abundant rainfall. In recent years, the area planted with rice has been expanding, and measures to cope with greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, including methane, and water demand are required. Using farmer survey data, JIRCAS evaluated the effects of year-round implementation of alternate wetting and drying (AWD) technology on farmers’ profits and GHG emissions reduction, and showed that it is an agricultural system with co-benefit that both increases farmers' profits and reduces environmental impacts from agriculture.
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    576. June Food Prices 20% Higher Than Last Year Despite 3 Consecutive Months of Decline

    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) reported on July 8 that world food prices averaged 154.23 points in June 2022, 2.3% lower than in May and the third consecutive monthly decline since the record high in March, but still 29.0 points (21.1%) above the level a year ago. The June decline reflected lower international prices for vegetable oils, grains, and sugar, while dairy and meat prices rose.