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    1039. Environmental Performance Index

    The 2024 Environmental Performance Index (EPI), compiled by a team of scientists led by Yale University researchers, ranked 180 countries for their country-level policy performance on climate action and environmental and ecosystem conservation. 
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    1038. Latest Climate Change-Related Indicators

    The Indicators of Global Climate Change (IGCC) initiative publishes updated and revised indicators of global climate in line with the IPCC's methodology. According to the estimated indicators, anthropogenic warming is progressing at an unprecedented rate since observations began, while the rate of increase in carbon dioxide emissions over the past decade has slowed compared to the 2000s, suggesting that the slowdown can be inherited through social choice.
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    1037. Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Concentrations Rise at the Fastest Pace in Recorded History

    The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography announced on June 6 that atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations at the Mauna Loa Observatory rose at the fastest pace on record.
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    1036. Global Food Price Trends for May 2024

    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) released its global food price trends on June 7. The average value in May 2024 was 120.4 points, a slight increase of 1.1 points (0.9%) from April, reflecting a slight increase in grain and dairy prices slightly outpacing the decline in sugar and cooking oil prices. Despite the third consecutive month of price increases, it was still 3.4% lower than the previous year and 24.8% lower than the historic high of 160.2 points in March 2022.
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    1035. Global Average Temperature Could Exceed 1.5°C above Pre-industrial Levels

    On June 5, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) announced that there is an 80% chance that the global annual average temperature will exceed 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, even temporarily, in the next five years.
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    1034. World Food Safety Day

    World Food Safety Day on June 7 is designed to raise awareness of food safety among all people and encourage them to take action to prevent foodborne illnesses. JIRCAS has been developing technical solutions that lead to the improvement of food safety for traditional foods from Southeast Asia by making full use of scientific knowledge.
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    1033. Climate Change's Impact on Heat Waves and Monsoons

    Human-induced climate change may be increasing the frequency and intensity of weather extremes, such as the recent heat wave in India. Climate change is also altering monsoon patterns in India, and thus requiring local adaptation measures.
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    1032. World Environment Day

    The theme of World Environment Day 2024 is "Our land. Our future.”  While we may not be able to turn back time, we must work to restore ecosystems around the world by nurturing forests, restoring water sources, and restoring lost soils to achieve the SDGs.
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    1031. The Impact of Supply Chains on Food Loss and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    Improved supply chains could eliminate almost half of the 1.3 billion tonnes of food that is wasted globally each year. Today, we would like to introduce an article published in Environmental Research Letters (Heiman and Miller 2024).
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    1030. Food and Nutrition Education

    Unhealthy eating habits are one of the biggest causes of nutritional problems. According to FAO, food education refers to a range of educational strategies to help people improve their eating habits and achieve long-term behavior change at all levels: individual, family, society, and country. In Japan, June is designated as "Food Education Month," and we aim to further spread food education by conducting a focused and effective campaign.
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    1029. Extreme Heat Due to Climate Change

    On May 28, Climate Central, a nonprofit news organization that analyzes and reports on climate science, reported that 78% of the world's population has experienced extreme heatwaves for at least 31 days over the past 12 months.
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    1028. International Day of Potato

    May 30 is designated as the International Day of Potato, which provides an opportunity to shine a spotlight on potatoes.
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    1027. Recent Lower Food Prices amid Improved Supplies

    In a blog post on May 24, World Bank economists noted that the recent decline in food prices is due to an improved outlook for global food supply.
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    1026. Factors Contributing to Extreme Floods in East Africa

    On May 23, the World Weather Attribution (WWA), which analyzes the causal relationship between extreme events and climate change, issued a preliminary analysis. According to their findings, the recent heavy rains that affected East Africa were more likely caused by climate change than the effects of El Niño. They also warned that poor urban planning could increase vulnerability to flood damage as climate change is expected to intensify extreme rains.
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    1025. Integration of Scientific Cultures in the Development of a Predictive Science of the Biosphere

    The biosphere has an extremely complex structure because biological processes span a wide range of spatio-temporal scales. A paper published in PNAS argues that the integration of scientific cultures that transcends interdisciplinary collaboration is essential for constructing a predictive science of the biosphere.
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    1024. Recipe for a Livable Planet

    The agri-food systems are estimated to account for one-third of the global share of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. The World Bank's new report, "Recipe for a Livable Planet," states that significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions can help build food security and climate resilience, and protect vulnerable populations through feasible actions that improve soil, ecosystems, and human health while feeding the world's growing population.
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    1023. From Food Systems Summits to Systemic Change

    The UN has recently released the Secretary-General's report outlining the progress made since the UN Food Systems Summit +2 Stocktaking Moment (UNFSS+2). The report emphasizes the need to accelerate food system transformation and calls for action to achieve the goals for the next stocktaking moment scheduled in 2025. 

     

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    1022. International Day for Biological Diversity

    The International Day for Biological Diversity, celebrated every May 22nd, offers an opportunity to raise awareness of the loss of biodiversity and the problems associated with it. The theme for 2024 is “Be part of the Plan," calling on all stakeholders to take action towards achieving the new global biodiversity goals by 2030.
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    1021. Climate Change Making Heat Waves in Asia More Extreme

    On May 14, World Weather Attribution (WWA), which analyzes the causal relationships between extreme events and climate change, reported that climate change made the heat waves that hit millions of people from April to early May across Asia more extreme. 
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    1020. Pollinators, Food Security, and Ecosystem Conservation

    May 20 is World Bee Day. Pollinators such as honeybees not only directly contribute to food security, but also play a central role in maintaining biodiversity.