• Pick Up

    277. Joint research to make delicious and useful fermented foods

    Fermented foods that make familiar foods delicious and long-lasting have been made all over the world for a long time and are indispensable to our daily lives today. At the ongoing JIRCAS Online Open House from April 12 to 18, we are introducing research results on fermented rice noodles using indica rice, which is a major crop in Southeast Asia, and fish sauce (fermented seasoning) using freshwater fish, which is also an important food in inland areas such as Laos.
  • Pick Up

    276. Remove excess fertilizer and keep the Earth healthy!

    Nitrogen is needed to grow the crops that humans eat to survive. On the other hand, only about 50% of the nitrogen fertilizer (in the form of ammonia) sown is distributed to crops, and the other half is changed to nitric acid by the nitrification of soil microorganisms. Nitric acid that flows out of agricultural land pollutes groundwater and is released into the atmosphere in the form of greenhouse gases. JIRCAS focuses on the ability of crops to suppress nitrification, and is searching for substances that suppress nitrification from crops. We made a video about the connection between humans and fertilizer, nitrification, and the technology to suppress nitrification.
  • Pick Up

    275. Virtual Overseas Travel一 Viewing Agriculture and Environment in Asia and Africa from the Sky

    Exactly one year ago, on April 15, the Japan National Tourism Organization announced that the number of foreign visitors to Japan in March 2020 was down 93.0% from the same month of the previous year due to overseas travel restrictions to contain the spread of COVID-19. Similarly, overseas travel from Japan is also restricted, and even after one year, it is still far from the situation where people can freely travel abroad. In the special site for the JIRCAS Online Open House during the Science and Technology Week, an aerial video on the theme of agriculture and environment in Africa and Asia is now available for viewing. Please enjoy amazing images of the earth.
  • Pick Up

    274. Nutrition and Climate Change

    Food systems must increase output in response to population growth, meet nutrition and health needs, and help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). An article published in the Annual Review of Public Health provided a comprehensive 12-month review of the literature on climate change, healthy diet and actions needed to improve nutrition and health.  

  • Pick Up

    273. JIRCAS Online Open House

    JIRCAS is organizing an online Open House during the Science and Technology Week from April 12 (Mon) to 18 (Sun) 2021, to introduce and disseminate its various research activities to the general public. We hope to take this opportunity to further deepen the relationship with the general public, to disseminate how various research initiatives benefit the people, and to broaden the understanding of international agriculture, forestry and fisheries research.

  • Pick Up

    272. Fall Armyworm, the “Coronavirus of Agriculture”

    Fall armyworm is a crop pest native to the Americas that has greatly expanded in distribution areas in recent years. This pest causes great damage mainly to corn in many countries, and the development of effective control technology has been long awaited. In Australia, which is one of Japan's major food trading partners, local farmers described the fall armyworm as the “coronavirus of agriculture” and “the biggest threat to the agriculture industry Australia has ever seen”.

  • Pick Up

    271. Vision for Food System of the Future and the New Nutrition

    This year, the United Nations Food System Summit is scheduled to be held in September, and the Tokyo Nutrition for Growth Summit is scheduled to be held in December. A related editorial recently published in Nature Food emphasizes the importance of positive vision and political will to reform the food system and to make it more nutritious, renewable and equitable. 

  • Pick Up

    270. Toward the Development of More Effective Feed Production Technology in Developing Countries—Silage and Fermented TMR -Preparation Manual-

    In small-scale agricultural systems in developing countries, livestock are not only a source of animal proteins such as meat and milk, but also play a role in ecosystem services, income, assets and insurance. It is necessary to study the development of effective feed production technology and improve the farming cooperation system. Based on the outputs of livestock research in the “Food Security in Africa” project in southern Mozambique, JIRCAS has created and published a technical manual provides reference information that can help local researchers and farmers understand and utilize silage and fermented total mixed ration (TMR).

  • Pick Up

    269. A Better World – Partnership for Sustainable Development

    In today's chaotic world confronting infectious diseases, climate change and environmental destruction, partnerships are indispensable for the international community to solve global issues. The Volume 7 of A Better World, a series of publications of the Human Development Forum dedicated to the SDGs, featured Goal 17 (Partnership) and provided an overview of the international partnerships for agricultural research of JIRCAS.

  • Pick Up

    268. Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic on Global Food Security and Nutrition

    The spread of the COVID-19 has been unprecedented, and many negative effects have been reported that include not only the threat to human health, but also the effects on employment and income, and loss of educational opportunities. An article published in the Spring 2021 issue of the National Chamber of Agriculture Policy Survey and Statistics provided an overview on the impacts of COVID-19 on global food security and nutrition that involve complex systems and channels with cascading effects on supply and demand and stockpiling shocks in international trade, disruptions and confusions in the supply chain, and loss of income and food access due to the economic crisis and widening inequality.

  • Pick Up

    267. Data for Better Lives

    Today, various data information permeates our daily lives. While the data collected has the potential to generate economic and social value far beyond what was initially expected, it also poses many barriers, including a lack of trust due to misuse. The recently published World Development Report 2021: Data for Better Lives also emphasized the need for governance to ensure fair access to data and prevent it from being abused in order to address the potential benefits while safeguarding against harmful outcomes.

  • Pick Up

    265. Sugarcane White Leaf Disease Control Technical Manual

    Sugarcane white leaf disease is an insect-borne disease of sugarcane that has caused great damage in sugarcane-producing countries in various parts of Asia, mainly in Thailand. As a countermeasure for this disease, JIRCAS has developed a control technology manual focusing on the production and distribution of healthy seedcane, and published the manual through the Office of Cane and Sugar Board of Thailand.

  • Pick Up

    266. Towards Sustainable Development of Aquaculture

    Sustainable development of the fisheries industry is extremely important for the food and nutrition of Japan and other Asian countries. The role of aquaculture has steadily gained in importance year by year in the sustainable development of the fisheries industry. A paper published in Nature in March 2021 provided an overview of the scale of the inland aquaculture sector and development trends in the value chain in recent years, and pointed out that aquaculture is becoming more integrated into the global food system. JIRCAS has been conducting applied research to stabilize the shrimp aquaculture industry, and in this context, Dr. Marcy N. Wilder received the Japanese Society of Fisheries Science Award for 2021 in recognition of her achievements in developing useful new aquaculture technology on an international level.

  • Pick Up

    264. High Resolution Soil Map of Africa

    In many African countries, improving agricultural productivity requires a thorough understanding of soil fertility and the establishment of fertilizer management techniques based on soil information. In recent years, digital maps of soil fertility have been created by compiling a large amount of data from soil fertility surveys in Africa. This time, a team of researchers conducting joint research with JIRCAS and CGIAR has developed a new soil map with a 30 m resolution which was published in Scientific Reports

  • Pick Up

    263. NASA Study Confirms that Human Activities are Changing Earth's Energy Balance

    The international community must take urgent action to curb greenhouse gas emissions in order to keep the temperature rise to well below 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. To do so, it is necessary to monitor how greenhouse gases associated with human economic activities are affecting climate change. In March 2021, NASA has confirmed that human activities are blocking the release of energy from sunlight back into space and changing the Earth's energy budget.

  • Pick Up

    261. Super Crop Quinoa—Impact of Quinoa Research in Solving Food and Nutrition Problems

    At JIRCAS, we are conducting research using quinoa, a native crop to the Andes of South America. Quinoa has an extraordinary nutritional balance and is becoming popular as a superfood all over the world. Since it can be cultivated in harsh environments such as drought, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is paying attention to quinoa as a crop that can be a trump card for solving global food and nutrition problems.

  • Pick Up

    262. Impact of Disasters on Agriculture and Food Security

    The greatest and direct impact of a disaster on agriculture is a decrease in crop and livestock production, which causes direct economic loss to farmers and extends to the entire value chain affecting the growth of national economies. In March 2021, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) published a report summarizing the impact of disasters and crises on agriculture and food security, and warned that the increasing frequency and intensity of natural disasters has become the new normal.

  • Pick Up

    260. Human Activities in a Globalized Society and the Biosphere

    On March 22, 2021, a white paper in which Dr. Johan Rockström, a proponent of the planetary boundaries concept, also participated as a co-author, was published. The paper provided a systematic overview on how human activities have caused disturbances such as the new corona pandemic, climate change, and biodiversity loss, and emphasized the importance of maintaining the biosphere that supports biodiversity in order to build a sustainable and resilient global society.

  • Pick Up

    259. Flood Risk Due to Sea-level Rise

    March 23 is World Meteorological Day. The theme for 2021—The Ocean, Our Climate and Weather — also marks the start of the United Nations Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030). According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the ocean occupies 70% of the earth's surface and has a significant impact on the world's weather and climate. It also supports the world economy, accounting for more than 90% of world trade traffic and sustaining 40% of population that lives within 100 km of the coast. However, global warming is said to bring about sea level rise due to volume expansion due to glacier melting and rising water temperature, threatening the lives of people in coastal areas.

  • Pick Up

    258. World Water Day

    March 22 is World Water Day. It was first proposed at the Earth Summit (United Nations Conference on Environment and Development) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992, and adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1993 to encourage member countries to organize activities on this day. Agriculture accounts for more than 70% of the world's water intake, and the SDGs cannot be achieved without the more productive and sustainable use of freshwater and rainwater in agriculture.