Stable Agricultural Production
Technology development for stable production of agricultural products in the tropics and other adverse environments
Aimed toward promoting food production and improving nutrition in the world including Africa, this program seeks to develop technologies and verify them in the fields through collaborative research with local institutions and international research centers especially in developing regions including the tropics where productivity potential has not been maximized because of low fertility or adverse environments.
The program also aims to disseminate the developed technologies to crop scientists/ plant breeders, government officials, and farmers by preparing manuals or explanatory articles. More specifically, the following priority research will be carried out:
In Africa, technologies that utilize the diversity of food crop genetic resources will be developed. Crop breeding materials that adapt to unfavorable environments, have high productivity, and cater to local preferences will be also developed. Cropping and raising systems will be improved through efficient utilization of local resources including water and organic matter.
Basic technologies will be developed toward the breeding of highly productive crops to be able to cope with adverse conditions including low soil fertility, drought, and salinity. Furthermore, new breeding materials including high biomass crops will be developed, evaluated, and applied in the fields of developing countries.
Toward the control of insect pests and diseases migrating to and expanding in our country, control and prevention methods will be developed based on ecological studies of migrating insect pests or vector insects. Crop cultivars resistant to diseases will be developed using the research networks that have been established by JIRCAS.
Soil phosphorus availability for rice plants can be rapidly estimated by laboratory visible and near-infrared spectroscopy
A new indicator of leaf stomatal conductance based on thermal imaging
SSR marker technology package for variety identification of white Guinea Yam
SPIKE, a quantitative trait locus for increasing the number of spikelets per panicle, enhances rice grain yield under low-yield conditions
Sugarcane and Miscanthus intergeneric hybrids: New sugarcane breeding materials with high photosynthetic activity in a low-temperature environment
Harunoogi, a high ratoon yield sugarcane cultivar developed by interspecific hybridization between sugarcane and Saccharum spontanium
Current status of insecticide use by farmers for controlling rice planthoppers in the northern part of Vietnam
Related JIRCAS Report
Senior Researcher Yamanaka of the Biological Resources and Post-harvest Division is Among the World’s Top 10 Soybean Rust Researchers
Dr. YAMANAKA Naoki, Senior Researcher in the Biological Resources and Post-harvest Division, was recognized one of the 10 major authors in soybean rust research as reported in a review article on scientometic approach to soybean rust published in the latest issue of Euphytica, an international journal on plant breeding.
Dr. ISEKI Kotaro, Researcher of the Biological Resources and Post-harvest Division received the 24th Japanese Society of Crop Science Research Award for his research on agronomic evaluation of plant genetic resources for improvement of productivity in Asian and African regions with poor environment.
International Workshop on “Applicable Solutions Against Rice Blast in Asia“ Organized by Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS) and Food and Fertilizer Technology Center (FFTC)Registration period:2020-08-07 09:00 - 2020-09-11 17:00Place:Onsite conference: International meeting room, JIRCAS, Tsukuba, Japan (max. 40 people) Online conference: via Webex Events
Registration period:2019-10-10 16:00 - 2019-11-18 17:00Place:Convention Hall 200, Tsukuba International Congress Center (Takezono 2-20-3, Tsukuba, Ibaraki)
5.Technology development for stable production of agricultural products in the tropics and other adverse environmentsIn developing regions such as the sub-Saharan Africa, agricultural production potential has not been fully realized due to poor soil fertility and adverse environmental conditions. Many smallholder farmers in these areas are not consuming massive quantity of water and chemical fertilizers, thus least contributors to climate change, yet are predicted to suffer most from extreme weather events. To end poverty and hunger, it is extremely important to accelerate technological development to enhance stable food production especially in tropical regions where soil and water resources are poor. JIRCAS is pursuing the development of sustainable agricultural technologies in developing regions such as Africa in order to increase productivity and improve food security.
Business Trip Reports
|H31-0453||2020-02-2020-03||Tanzania||タンザニアにおける試験ほ場の調査及びテクニカルコミッティーの開催||Stable Agricultural Production|
|H31-0517||2020-02-2020-03||Ghana, Mozambique||1.ガーナ国でのプロジェクト実施のための基礎情報・材料の収集、2.2019/2020年圃場試験の実施||Information Analysis, Stable Agricultural Production|
|H31-0525||2020-02-2020-03||Madagascar||技術普及活動への動機づけ調査||Stable Agricultural Production|