Stable Agricultural Production
Technology development for stable production of agricultural products in the tropics and other adverse environments
Aimed toward promoting food production and improving nutrition in the world including Africa, this program seeks to develop technologies and verify them in the fields through collaborative research with local institutions and international research centers especially in developing regions including the tropics where productivity potential has not been maximized because of low fertility or adverse environments.
The program also aims to disseminate the developed technologies to crop scientists/ plant breeders, government officials, and farmers by preparing manuals or explanatory articles. More specifically, the following priority research will be carried out:
In Africa, technologies that utilize the diversity of food crop genetic resources will be developed. Crop breeding materials that adapt to unfavorable environments, have high productivity, and cater to local preferences will be also developed. Cropping and raising systems will be improved through efficient utilization of local resources including water and organic matter.
Basic technologies will be developed toward the breeding of highly productive crops to be able to cope with adverse conditions including low soil fertility, drought, and salinity. Furthermore, new breeding materials including high biomass crops will be developed, evaluated, and applied in the fields of developing countries.
Toward the control of insect pests and diseases migrating to and expanding in our country, control and prevention methods will be developed based on ecological studies of migrating insect pests or vector insects. Crop cultivars resistant to diseases will be developed using the research networks that have been established by JIRCAS.
Related JIRCAS Report
Publication of “Silage and Fermented TMR - Preparation Manual” for the tropical and subtropical regions with dry season
JIRCAS has published a manual for preparation of silage and fermented TMR based on the results of livestock research in the “Food Security in Africa”project in southern Mozambique.
The manual provides reference information that can help local researchers and farmers understand and utilize agricultural by-product resources as livestock feed.
Publication of “Healthy Seedcane Propagation and Distribution Manual Against Sugarcane White Leaf Disease”
A manual for measures against the sugarcane white leaf disease, which causes great damage in the Asian region especially in Thailand, and created in collaboration with Khon Kaen University etc. was published by the Office of Cane and Sugar Board of Thailand.
International Workshop on “Applicable Solutions Against Rice Blast in Asia“ Organized by Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS) and Food and Fertilizer Technology Center (FFTC)
Onsite conference: International meeting room, JIRCAS, Tsukuba, Japan (max. 40 people) Online conference: via Webex Events
Convention Hall 200, Tsukuba International Congress Center (Takezono 2-20-3, Tsukuba, Ibaraki)
5.Technology development for stable production of agricultural products in the tropics and other adverse environments
In developing regions such as the sub-Saharan Africa, agricultural production potential has not been fully realized due to poor soil fertility and adverse environmental conditions. Many smallholder farmers in these areas are not consuming massive quantity of water and chemical fertilizers, thus least contributors to climate change, yet are predicted to suffer most from extreme weather events. To end poverty and hunger, it is extremely important to accelerate technological development to enhance stable food production especially in tropical regions where soil and water resources are poor. JIRCAS is pursuing the development of sustainable agricultural technologies in developing regions such as Africa in order to increase productivity and improve food security.