Collection, analysis and dissemination of information for grasping trends of international agriculture, forestry and fisheries
The law stipulates that JIRCAS must conduct two major tasks: the first is “to collect, analyze and disseminate domestic and overseas data of the agricultural, forestry and fishery industries in developing regions” and the second is “to carry out technical trials, research and investigation for agriculture, forestry and fisheries in developing regions”.
The first task is very essential in providing useful information to national and international researchers or people concerned with the technological advances and economic development of the agricultural, forestry and fishery industries. It is also important in promoting high quality research in more efficient ways. Specifically, the following will be carried out during the 4th mid-term plan period:
- In order to solve international food and environmental problems, an analysis of the status quo and a forecast of world food supply/demand, nutrient condition and food systems will be conducted. The outcomes and impacts of our research outputs will be analyzed.
- In order to contribute to agricultural research and development and policy implementation like the Global Food Value Chain (GFVC) initiative, collaborations with related organizations in and out of the country will be promoted and JIRCAS researchers will be sent to target areas to continuously collect information and knowledge about international food, agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and rural development. These activities will be implemented in well-coordinated and systematic ways, and the collected information will be made widely available to researchers, administrative agencies, and companies both in Japan and overseas.
- In order to facilitate the systematic exchange of information among related organizations in Japan, the Japan Forum on International Agricultural Research for Sustainable Development (J-FARD) will be managed.
The quality and originality of information provided by Program D will be boosted through active interaction with the other three research programs and through effective use of the JIRCAS website and seminars.
Related JIRCAS Report
The JIRCAS 50th Anniversary International Symposium 2020 featuring the theme, "The role of international collaboration in agricultural research to address challenges in the post-COVID-19 global food system" was successfully held online on November 10, 2020.
KEPCO Adopts the Shrimp Production System Developed by the Industry-Academia-Government Collaboration that Includes JIRCAS
Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc. (KEPCO) has adopted the Indoor Shrimp Production System (ISPS), a land-based aquaculture method for production and processing of whiteleg shrimp, developed by the industry-academia-government collaboration that includes JIRCAS, IMT Engineering Inc. etc.
Registration period:2019-07-12 17:00 - 2019-07-31 17:00Place:JIRCAS International Conference Room (1-1 Ohwashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, JAPAN)
Place:ICRAF (Nairobi, Kenya)
Pick UpTomorrow December 5th is World Soil Day 2020. This year’s campaign “Keep soil alive, Protect soil diversity” focuses on raising awareness about the importance of maintaining healthy ecosystems and human well-being by addressing the challenges in soil management, fighting soil biodiversity loss, increasing soil awareness, and encouraging governments, organizations, communities and individuals to improve soil health.
187. Uneven Impact of Climate Change – The Human-environment Interactions and Vegetation-rainfall Sensitivity in Tropical DrylandsA paper published in Nature Sustainability analyzed the vegetation trends across the planet’s driest areas using satellite imagery and found that vegetation regeneration is not commensurate with precipitation in developing countries in Asia and Africa. To avoid the negative impacts, it is important to take immediate mitigation measures through an understanding of the relationship between vegetation-rainfall sensitivity and associated drivers in tropical drylands.
186. Climate Crisis Highlights the Need for a Multi-scale, Multi-disciplinary and Multinational ApproachThe editorial article in the November 2020 issue of Nature Climate Change stated that although the field of ecology deals with studies on the impact of humans on the natural world, the ongoing climate crisis brings a new sense of urgency as it affects all organisms ranging from microbes to megafauna. The article also pointed out the need to take a multi-scale, multi-disciplinary and multinational approach in tackling the climate crisis.
Pick UpMany farmers in developing countries that rely on rainfed agriculture are facing an increasing uncertainty of agricultural production due to the impact of climate change. Even in irrigated agriculture, proper management of water resources is also necessary. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) published the State of Food and Agriculture (SOFA 2020) addressing the importance of proper governance for agricultural water resource management to ensure global food security and nutrition, and to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Pick UpOn November 23, 2020, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) announced that despite the industrial slowdown and movement restrictions associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, greenhouse gas emission continue at record levels, increasing temperatures, and driving more extreme weather, ice melt, sea-level rise, and ocean acidification.
Business Trip Reports
|H31-0517||2020-02-2020-03||Ghana, Mozambique||1.ガーナ国でのプロジェクト実施のための基礎情報・材料の収集、2.2019/2020年圃場試験の実施||Information Analysis, Stable Agricultural Production|
|H31-0271||2019-09-2020-07||Germany, Italy, United Arab Emirates, Sri Lanka||バイオマス燃料の普及及び開発に関する国際再生可能エネルギー機関（IRENA）での業務並びにJIRCASとの共同研究の実施||Information Analysis|