“Resilient crops”
Development of resilient crops and production technologies

Related Research Program
Food

2022-01-11

Background

The frequent occurrence of extreme weather events due to global climate change, environmental degradation caused by rapid population growth, and crop production in marginal areas are destabilizing crop production and threatening global food and nutrition security. Global warming and rapid population growth are further aggravating the global-scale issues, making it difficult to respond to them with conventional breeding strategies. In anticipation of the increasing and accelerating impacts of climate change, it is highly desirable to accelerate the resolution of global-scale issues through new technologies that integrate synthetic bioengineering and big data.

Objectives

We will pave the way for the production of resilience-enhanced crops by developing the necessary technologies to create or produce resilient crops that are resistant to various external disturbances, such as poor environments, mainly targeting major crops such as rice and soybean, and the orphan crop quinoa.

Research Themes

  • Development of technology for resilience enhancement production of high nutrient crops using genetic resources
  • Development of basic technologies for resilience-enhanced crop design
  • Development of breeding infrastructure utilizing untapped genetic and physiological mechanisms related to improved resource use efficiency
  • Development of disease control technology with low environmental impact by utilizing disease resistance

Target Countries

Bolivia, Vietnam, China, Nepal, Indonesia, Philippines, Bangladesh, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina

Target Beneficiaries

Researchers, producers and consumers of rice, soybean, quinoa and other crops, people in developing regions vulnerable to increased food supply insecurity

Project Leader

FUJITA Yasunari (Biological Resources and Post-harvest Division)

Poster

Related Pages

JIRCAS Report

Senior Researcher SASAKI Kazuhiro and Colleagues Win Best Paper Award from the Crop Science Society of Japan

Dr. SASAKI Kazuhiro (Senior Researcher, Biological Resources and Post-harvest Division) and his co-authors received the Best Paper Award for their research article, titled "Effect of drought stress on flowering characteristics in rice (Oryza sativa L.): a study using genotypes contrasting in drought tolerance and flower opening time", at the 257th Meeting of the Crop Science Society of Japan (CSSJ).

Cross-talk on the Future of Space and Food Research at the Friday Night Science Café

On February 2, 2024, Project Leader FUJITA Yasunari and Senior Researcher NAGATOSHI Yukari from JIRCAS engaged in a cross-talk session at the Friday Night Science Café with Dr. YAMADA Koji and Dr. IZUMA Dylan Shun from the Human Spaceflight Technology Directorate of JAXA.

JIRCAS Showcases Quinoa Research in Bolivia at Global Festa Japan 2023

JIRCAS participated in the international cooperation event "Global Festa Japan 2023" and introduced its research activities and international cooperation in Bolivia, South America, on quinoa, a highly nutritious crop that grows in harsh environments.

Press Release

Field Information

  • Pick Up

    532. Changes in Virulence of Asian Soybean Rust Pathogen in Bangladesh

    Asian soybean rust is a serious problem in soybean production in tropical and subtropical regions. This disease is also a problem in Bangladesh along with the expansion of domestic production. In this study, we investigated the virulence of the Asian soybean rust against known resistance genes in order to control this disease through the introduction of resistant varieties. The results showed that while the virulence of the pathogenic samples in 2016 was weak and many of the known resistance genes were effective, the virulence of 2018 and 2019 samples changed strongly. They included a strongly virulent rust samples for which seven known resistance genes were completely ineffective. While the introduction of resistant varieties is effective from a cost and environmental impact perspective, the development of resistant varieties using gene-pyramiding to deal with highly virulent rusts is needed to achieve a stable effect of control. 

Research Highlights