Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences | JIRCAS


The Philippines (/ˈfɪlᵻpiːnz/; Filipino: Pilipinas [ˌpɪlɪˈpinɐs]), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas), is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean. It consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime border with Taiwan to the north, Palau to the east and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south. The Philippines' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but also endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 square kilometers (115,831 sq mi), and a population of approximately 100 million. It is the seventh-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. An additional 10 million Filipinos live overseas, comprising one of the world's largest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants. They were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Chinese, Malay, Indian, and Islamic states occurred. Then, various nations were established under the rule of Datus, Rajahs, Sultans or Lakans. The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the first Hispanic settlement in the archipelago was established. The Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Roman Catholicism becoming the dominant religion. During this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons. As the 19th century gave way to the 20th, there followed in quick succession the Philippine Revolution, which spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, followed by the bloody Philippine–American War of conquest by US military force. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, when the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation. Since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution. The nation's large population and economic potential have led it to be classified as a middle power. It is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, and the East Asia Summit. It also hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being one based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. (DBpediaより引用)

Business Trip Reports - Philippines

報告書番号 Trip Year and Month Country Purpose 関連プログラム
H30-0291 2018-10-2018-11 Philippines IRRIとの共同研究のサンプル、データ、実験器具の整理及び種子導入作業 Stable Agricultural Production
H30-0162 2018-08-2018-08 Myanmar, Philippines ミャンマーにおける環境調和型養殖技術開発に関わる現場調査並びに打合せ及びフィリピンにおける複合養殖技術実証試験の進捗管理 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0167 2018-08-2018-10 Indonesia, Philippines, Brazil 1.マングローブの資源量に関する調査、2.ブラジル熱帯林の成長に関する調査 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0102 2018-07-2018-07 Indonesia, Philippines 1.(病害虫防除)インドネシア及びフィリピンにおけるいもち病研究打合せ、2.(目的基礎研究)研究資源の整理に関する打合せ Stable Agricultural Production, Information Analysis
H30-0192 2018-09-2018-10 Philippines, Madagascar 1.耕地環境プロにおける早朝開花性QTLの開発途上国現地品種への導入 、2.JICAマダガスカルプロ課題2「養分の吸収利用に優れた育種素材開発」における現地圃場試験の播種・移植 Stable Agricultural Production
H30-0159 2018-08-2018-08 Malaysia, Philippines マレーシア・フィリピンにおける共同研究の推進に係る調整 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0165 2018-08-2018-08 Philippines 圃場試験における追肥の準備、PHILSUTECH会議への参加と発表 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0148 2018-07-2018-07 Philippines フィリピン稲研究所における研究打合せおよびセントラルルソン大学での情報収集 Stable Agricultural Production
H30-0168 2018-08-2018-08 Philippines フィリピンの国内会議(PHILSUTECH)への出席と研究発表 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0137 2018-07-2018-07 Philippines IRRIとの共同育種研究の今後に関する打合せ Stable Agricultural Production
H30-0151 2018-07-2018-07 Philippines フィリピンにおける共同研究の推進に係る調整 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0116 2018-07-2018-07 Philippines ミルクフィッシュの無魚粉・低魚油飼料の利用性に関する飼育試験の取り上げサンプリング Value-adding Technologies
H30-0043 2018-05-2018-06 Philippines, Myanmar フィリピンにおける複合養殖技術実証試験及びミャンマーにおけるカキ養殖環境調査に関する研究打合せ Value-adding Technologies
H30-0136 2018-07-2018-07 Philippines 耕地環境プロにおける早朝開花性QTLの開発途上国現地品種への導入 Stable Agricultural Production
H30-0033 2018-05-2018-06 Philippines ミルクフィッシュの無魚粉・低魚油飼料の利用性に関する飼育試験の実施 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0074 2018-06-2018-06 Philippines 収量調査・年度計画の打合せ Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0097 2018-06-2018-06 Philippines IRRIとの共同研究の乾期作試験の収穫産物の調査、高温不稔試験、種子導入作業 Stable Agricultural Production
H30-0077 2018-06-2018-06 Philippines 共同研究の打合せ、サトウキビ栽培試験圃場の収穫調査 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0367 2018-01-2018-03 Philippines 乾期作試験実施・実証試験のための連携体制整備・農家圃場土壌採取、IRRI拠出金プロ管理・実証試験の実施・データベース構築作業継続 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0023 2018-05-2018-05 Philippines 交付金プロ:共同研究打合せ、雨期作試験準備、ステークホルダー会議開催、アジアバイオマスプロにかかる被覆肥料試験に関する連絡調整、拠出金プロ:研究打合せ Environment and Natural Resource Management, Value-adding Technologies