Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences | JIRCAS


China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in East Asia. With a population of over 1.381 billion, it is the world's most populous state. The state is governed by the Communist Party of China based in the capital of Beijing. It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau), and claims sovereignty over Taiwan. The country's major urban areas include Shanghai, Guangzhou, Beijing, Chongqing, Shenzhen, Tianjin and Hong Kong. China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower. Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers, China is the world's second largest state by land area, and either the third or fourth-largest by total area, depending on the method of measurement. China's landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklamakan Deserts in the arid north to subtropical forests in the wetter south. The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from much of South and Central Asia. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third and sixth longest in the world, respectively, run from the Tibetan Plateau to the densely populated eastern seaboard. China's coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometers (9,000 mi) long, and is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East China, and South China seas. China is one of the cradles of civilization, with its known history beginning with an ancient civilization – one of the world's earliest – that flourished in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies known as dynasties. Since 221 BC, when the Qin Dynasty first conquered several states to form a Chinese empire, the state has expanded, fractured and reformed numerous times. The Republic of China (ROC) replaced the last dynasty in 1912, and ruled the Chinese mainland until 1949, when it was defeated by the Communist Party of China in the Chinese Civil War. The Communist Party established the People's Republic of China in Beijing on 1 October 1949, while the ROC government relocated to Taiwan with its present de facto temporary capital in Taipei. Both the ROC and PRC continue to claim to be the legitimate government of all China. China had the largest economy in the world for much of the last 500 years, during which it has seen cycles of prosperity and decline. Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has become one of the world's fastest-growing major economies. As of 2014, it is the world's second-largest economy by nominal GDP and largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). China is also the world's largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods. China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army and second-largest defense budget. The PRC is a member of the United Nations, as it replaced the ROC as a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council in 1971. China is also a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the BCIM and the G-20. (DBpediaより引用)

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Business Trip Reports - China

報告書番号 Trip Year and Month Country Purpose 関連プログラム
H30-0175 2018-09-2018-09 China, Viet Nam 1.吉林省におけるイネいもち病研究に関連したアドバイス、2.ベトナムでのイネいもち病研究ネットワーク研究のワークショップ及び年次会議 Stable Agricultural Production
H30-0249 2018-09-2018-09 China 大学院講座交流「飼料資源の開発と利用」
H30-0134 2018-07-2018-08 China 研究調査と業務の調整 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0149 2018-07-2018-07 China 地域食料資源の栄養及び機能性成分に関する評価技術開発 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0072 2018-06-2018-06 China 稲作農家に対するブランド・ポジショニング戦略等の調査 Value-adding Technologies
H29-0510 2018-03-2018-04 China 飼料―動物―微生物―健康フォーラム及び家畜飼料研究に関する最新情報の収集 Stable Agricultural Production
H29-0469 2018-02-2018-03 China 有機米生産農家のブランド戦略及び生産費に関する調査 Value-adding Technologies
H29-0471 2018-03-2018-03 China コメ調査の打合せと調整業務 Value-adding Technologies
H29-0466 2018-03-2018-03 China 地域食料資源の栄養及び機能性成分に関する評価技術開発 Value-adding Technologies
H29-0307 2017-11-2017-12 China 雑穀の流通加工調査と研究課題の打合せ Value-adding Technologies
H29-0196 2017-09-2017-09 China 共同研究の協議と現地調査 Stable Agricultural Production
H29-0262 2017-10-2017-10 China 消費者調査のための評価用サンプルおよび分析手法の検討 Value-adding Technologies
H29-0299 2017-11-2017-11 China 地域食料資源の栄養及び機能性成分に関する評価技術開発 Value-adding Technologies
H29-0153 2017-08-2017-08 China, Mongolia 中国内モンゴルおよびモンゴル国における牧畜民の社会規範に関する予備的広域調査 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0136 2017-07-2017-08 China JIRCAS-CASS農業科学技術共同研究20周年記念シンポジウムおよびフードバリューチェーンプロジェクトワークショップへの参加と東北産米の製品差別化戦略と高付加価値化に関する実態調査 Value-adding Technologies
H29-0092 2017-07-2017-08 China 第2回サイレージシンポジウムでの講演及びサイレージ・TMR研究に関する最新情報の収集 Stable Agricultural Production
H29-0137 2017-07-2017-07 China JIRCAS-CAAS農業科学技術共同研究20周年記念シンポジウム及びフードバリューチェーンプロジェクトワークショップへの参加、地域食料資源の栄養及び機能性成分に関する評価技術開発 Value-adding Technologies
H29-0139 2017-07-2017-07 China JIRCAS-CAAS農業科学技術共同研究20周年記念シンポジウムおよびフードバリューチェーンプロジェクトワークショップへの参加 Value-adding Technologies
H29-0147 2017-07-2017-07 China JIRCAS-CAAS農業科学技術共同研究20周年記念シンポジウム及びフードバリューチェーンプロジェクトワークショップへの参加、地域食料資源の栄養及び機能性成分に関する技術開発 Value-adding Technologies
H29-0123 2017-07-2017-08 China JIRCAS-CAAS農業科学技術共同研究20周年記念シンポジウムおよびフードバリューチェーンプロジェクトワークショップへの参加と米生産流通に関する調査の実施 Value-adding Technologies