“Transboundary pest management”
Development of environment-friendly management system against transboundary plant pests based on ecological characteristics
The damage caused by transboundary insect pests is increasing due to the expansion of the overwintering potential area caused by global warming and the acceleration of migration and dispersal caused by social globalization. From Africa to Asia, damage to a variety of crops caused by the desert locust is becoming a problem. In addition to the rice planthopper, which has been an important transboundary pest for a long time, in recent years, the fall armyworm has invaded and caused significant damage in Asia. In order to prevent the spread of transboundary pests, it is necessary for developed countries to take the lead in developing management technologies that have a low environmental impact, and to build a cooperative system that includes developing regions.
In collaboration with international organizations, we will develop efficient and environment- friendly management system based on the ecology of transboundary pests such as desert locust, rice planthopper, and fall armyworm in countries where these pests are endemic. In addition, we will present an economic evaluation model that will serve as a guideline for the development of efficient integrated pest management technologies when new transboundary pest problems emerge.
- Development of efficient control technology for desert locust based on field research in Africa
- Establishment of environment-friendly pest management systems in Asia
Mauritania, Kenya, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, Japan
Producers, government agencies, and international organizations located in areas where the target pests are endemic
KOBORI Youichi (Crop, Livestock and Environment Division)
Ceremony Celebrates Senior Researcher MAENO Kotaro’s 2020 Chinguitt Prize for Science and Technology
A ceremony was held at the Mauritanian National Desert Locust Center (Centre National de Lutte Antiacridienne; CNLA) in Mauritania to celebrate the awarding of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania's Chinguitt Prize for Science and Technology 2020 to Senior Researcher MAENO Kotaro.
Dr. MAENO Kotaro, Senior Researcher in the Crop, Livestock and Environment and Division, has been selected as one of the recipients of the 19th (FY2022) Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Prize.
Visit of Vietnam’s Plant Protection Research Institute (PPRI), Head of Pathology & Phyto-Immunology Department and Researcher to JIRCAS
Dr. Nguyen Huy Chung, Head of Pathology & Phyto-Immunology Department of Vietnam’s Plant Protection Research Institute and Mrs. Nguyen Thi Tho, researcher from the same institute, visited JIRCAS from August to September 2022.
401. Elucidating the Unique Reproductive Behavior of Desert Locust Leads to Reduction in Use of Pesticides
Desert locusts are found in semi-arid regions from West Africa to India, where they often cause serious agricultural damage. JIRCAS is conducting research to develop efficient control technologies based on the ecology of desert locust. In this article, we introduce our research on the reproductive behavior of the desert locusts, which can lead to environment-friendly pest control that does not require the use of pesticides more than necessary.