Mauritania

Mauritania /mɔːrɪˈteɪniə/ (Arabic: موريتانيا‎‎ Mūrītānyā; Berber: Muritanya or Agawej; Wolof: Gànnaar; Soninke: Murutaane; Pulaar: Moritani; French: Mauritanie), officially the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in the Maghreb region of western North Africa. It is the eleventh largest country in Africa and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Morocco and the remnants of Western Sahara in the north, Algeria in the northeast, Mali in the east and southeast, and Senegal in the southwest. The country derives its name from the ancient Berber Kingdom of Mauretania, which existed from the 3rd century BC to the 7th century, in the far north of modern-day Morocco. Approximately 90% of Mauritania's land is within the Sahara and consequently the population is concentrated in the south, where precipitation is slightly higher. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast, which is home to around one-third of the country's 3.5 million people. The government was overthrown on 6 August 2008, in a military coup d'état led by then-General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. On 16 April 2009, Aziz resigned from the military to run for president in the 19 July elections, which he won. About 20% of Mauritanians live on less than US$1.25 per day. Mauritania suffers from several human rights issues, including slavery, where an estimated roughly 4% (155,600 people) of the country's population are being enslaved against their will, especially enemies of the government.

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JIRCAS Report

JIRCAS Science Café features “Going to Africa to fight against locusts”

The 13th JIRCAS Science Café featuring a talk entitled “Going to Africa to fight against locusts” was held at the Blue Baobab Africa, a cafe bar and meeting place located in Azabudai, Minato-ku in Tokyo on March 4, 2018.

Courtesy Visit of President Iwanaga to the Agriculture Minister of Mauritania

JIRCAS President, Dr. Masa Iwanaga paid a courtesy visit to Minister Lemine Mint El Ghotob Ould Moma of the Ministry of Agriculture of Mauritania on September 18, 2018 in conjunction with the joint collaboration of JIRCAS and the National Anti-Locust Centre (CNLA) under the Ministry of Agriculture of Mauritania.

Publication

広報JIRCAS (1)

国立研究開発法人国際農林水産業研究センター, 広報JIRCAS. 1 ( )

jircas_1.pdf9.43 MB

砂漠化と農業

内山 泰孝, 熱帯農研集報. 61 , 71- 85 ( )

西アフリカ熱帯造林技術の展望

, 資料 : 農林省農林水産技術会議事務局熱帯農業研究管理室. 10 ( )

shiryo_nettai_kanrishitsu10-_-.pdf10.67 MB

Research Highlights