Information Analysis

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429. Resilience of the Food System Through Diversification

Diversification of production in the food system at the field, farm household, and market levels has the potential to improve the resilience of the food systems to shocks such as climate change, extreme weather events, and market disruptions, according to a recent article published in Nature Food. A recently published article in Nature Food argues that the relationship between food system diversification and resilience depends not only on the local natural environment, but also on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions that define existing agricultural systems, and that trade-offs need to be analyzed. In the symposium to be held online on December 6, we will discuss fruits and vegetables, which are essential for building a sustainable food system for humanity and the planet. Please register and join us!
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428. Global Nutrition Report 2021: N4G and the New Nutrition Accountability Framework

The Tokyo Nutrition for Growth Summit (N4G) will be held on December 7 and 8, 2021. Prior to this, the 2021 Global Nutrition Report was published on November 23, 2021. This year's report shows that progress in improving nutrition is extremely slow. Our current diet is a major threat to our health and the planet, but it has not improved in the past decade. For example, intake of fruits and vegetables is about half of the recommended amount. On the eve of the Tokyo N4G, JIRCAS, in collaboration with the FAO Liaison Office in Japan and supported by the National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO), will host the Symposium "Fruits and Vegetables– Research and Action Opportunities for Human and Planetary Health”, as an official N4G side event. Please register and join us!

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427. Flyer for the N4G Side Event Symposium "Fruits and Vegetables– Research and Action Opportunities for Human and Planetary Health"

The Symposium "Fruits and Vegetables– Research and Action Opportunities for Human and Planetary Health" will be held online on December 6 (Monday), as an official side event of the Tokyo Nutrition for Growth Summit (N4G). We are pleased to announce that the Symposium flyer is now available.
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426. Building Agrifood Systems Resilient to Shocks and Stresses

Shocks and stresses such as the economic crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, climate change/extreme events, conflicts, and chronic hunger and malnutrition are threatening the stability of the agrifood system. On November 23, 2021, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization released the 2021 State of Food and Agriculture (SOFA) report stressing the need to build agrifood systems that are more resilient to shocks and stresses.
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425. On Urbanization and Agrobiodiversity

Today, more than 50% of humanity lives in urban areas, and this figure is projected to reach 68% by 2050. Urbanization is a multifaceted process that brings about demographic, biophysical, economic, cultural, and social changes at the global level. A paper recently published in One Earth showed that urbanization is not necessarily a trade-off for agrobiodiversity. For example, with regard to urban and suburban land use, there are approaches that can provide a variety of food products, such as vegetable gardens, orchards and dairy, that contribute to maintaining food and nutritional diversity.
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424. Highest World Food Prices Since July 2011

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) released the World Food Price Index on November 4, 2021, reporting that world food prices are at their highest level since July 2011 due to tight stockpile levels. In order to maintain global food security, it is essential to collect and analyze information on short, medium and long-term trends that may lead to imbalances in food supply and demand in the global food system, which is very closely connected, and to be prepared for international cooperation.
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423. Advancement of tropical crop genetic resources utilization through the development of database, technologies and research networking (Tropical crop genetic resources)

The JIRCAS “Tropical crop genetic resources” project is promoting the development of strategic genetic resources information, breeding technologies, varieties and materials, and cultivation and dissemination technologies based on the problems and research needs of each crop in Japan and overseas, taking advantage of the diverse and abundant genetic resources of tropical crops and the geographical advantage of the subtropical island research facility. In addition, by sharing and providing information and technologies, we aim to strengthen collaboration that will lead to the formation of networks with domestic and overseas research institutions for the advancement of tropical crop genetic resource utilization.

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422. JIRCAS International Symposium 2021 Successfully Held

The JIRCAS International Symposium 2021 on “The Role of Science, Technology and Innovation in Achieving Sustainable Food Systems in the Asia Monsoon Region―A Platform for International Collaboration” was successfully held online on November 17, 2021.

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421. JIRCAS International Symposium 2021 Goes Online Today

The JIRCAS International Symposium 2021 with the theme “The Role of Science, Technology and Innovation in Achieving Sustainable Food Systems in the Asia Monsoon Region―A Platform for International Collaboration” will be held online today at 14:00 JST.

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420. International Collaboration for Achieving Sustainable Food Systems in the Asia Monsoon Region

The Asia monsoon region covers the economies of East, Southeast and Southern Asia, and is estimated to account for more than 50% of the world's population. Given the importance of the Asian monsoon region to the global economy, it is important for Japan and the international community to build on the successes of sustainable food system transformation in this region. At the JIRCAS International Symposium to be held online tomorrow, November 17 (Wednesday), we will exchange views on cooperative mechanisms and platforms to achieve sustainable development through science, technology and innovation (STI), that takes into account the diversity of the Asian monsoon region and leaves no one behind. Please watch and join us!
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419. Fruits and Vegetables – Research and Action Opportunities for Human and Planetary Health – Symposium to be held online on December 6

This year is the International Year of Fruits and Vegetables as designated by the United Nations. In the recent initiatives on food systems transformation, fruits and vegetables are important food groups to focus on due to their nutritional and health benefits and relatively low environmental impact. JIRCAS, in collaboration with the FAO Liaison Office in Japan, will hold an online  symposium "Fruits and Vegetables – Research and Action Opportunities for Human and Planetary Health " on December 6 (Mon), 2021 as an official side event of the Tokyo Nutrition for Growth Summit (N4G).
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418. Ten New Insights in Climate Science 2021

On November 4, 2021, the report "10 New Insights in Climate Science 2021", which provides the key in determining the path to international cooperation on the climate crisis, was published. Among the new insights, the "rapid growth in methane and nitrous oxide emissions" is attributed to the agriculture and food sectors, and it is important to apply innovations in these sectors to reduce these greenhouse gases. At the JIRCAS International Symposium on November 17, international cooperation to achieve both food security and greenhouse gas reduction through innovation in the Asian monsoon region will be discussed.
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417. Impacts of COVID-19 on Food Security

Recently, the daily COVID-19 infections in Japan seems to have settled down compared to the past, and on November 7, there were no deaths for the first time in 15 months. Over the past two years, various changes have been seen not only in Japan but also around the world due to the pandemic. This Pick up introduces two review papers that comprehensively examine the impacts of the pandemic on food security.
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416. Announcement of Recipients of the 2021 (15th) Japan International Award for Young Agricultural Researchers (Japan Award)

Since 2007, the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) and JIRCAS have been presenting the Japan Award to young agricultural researchers from overseas who have made outstanding achievements or research results that will lead to future technological innovations, with the aim of further motivating young researchers to contribute to research and development on agriculture, forestry, fisheries and related industries in developing regions. The recipients of the Japan Award for this year were announced on October 29, 2021. Considering the current situation under the COVID-19, this year’s awarding ceremony will be filmed in advance and broadcasted on Tuesday, November 16, 2021.
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415. Forest Ice Cream “Cherimoya”

The 15th Open House of the JIRCAS Tropical Agriculture Research Front (TARF) began on Monday, November 8. Located on Ishigaki Island, one of the most popular tourist destinations in Japan, the TARF conducts research on the conservation and evaluation of genetic resources, development of breeding materials, and breeding of tropical crops in a tropical rainforest climate, one of the few subtropical regions in Japan. The year 2021 is the International Year of Fruits and Vegetables, which was established by the United Nations to promote global awareness of the nutritional and health benefits of consuming fruits and vegetables. This is everyone’s chance to get interested in tropical fruit trees.
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414. JIRCAS International Symposium 2021 to be Held Online ― Towards Achieving Sustainable Food Systems in the Asia Monsoon Region―

As we have already reported several times in this Pick Up, the JIRCAS International Symposium 2021 will be held online on November 17 (Wed), with the theme “The Role of Science, Technology and Innovation in Achieving Sustainable Food Systems in the Asia Monsoon Region: A Platform for International Collaboration”. Please register for the symposium and join us.
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413. Online Streaming of the 15th TARF Open House Starts on Monday

JIRCAS is the only national agricultural research institute with a tropical and island research base that enables empirical research in the cultivation environment of tropical crops, and has a major mission to contribute to agriculture in Japan and overseas. As a part of public relations activities for FY2021, the Tropical Agriculture Research Front (TARF) will hold the 15th Open House for one week from Monday, November 8.
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412. Status and Trends of Climate Change Adaptation in Africa

On October 26, the Global Center on Adaptation (GCA) released a report on the status and trends of climate change adaptation in Africa. One in five people in Africa faced hunger in 2020, twice as many as in other regions. Climate change is expected to cause major changes in areas suitable for agriculture, and agricultural systems, food production and import dependency could change beyond imagination. The report states that the benefits of adaptation measures over the next 20 years will greatly outweigh their investment costs by a factor of five or more.

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411. Climate Change Awareness

The 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is currently being held in Glasgow, UK. The recent increase in awareness of climate change has led to the current global decarbonization initiative. However, in order to actually lead to policy and individual action, it is necessary to provide information to the wider community about proposals based on scientific insights.

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410. The 15th TARF Open House ―Online Event from November 8 (Mon) to 14 (Sun), 2021―

The JIRCAS Tropical Agriculture Research Front (TARF) will hold the 15th Open House from November 8 (Mon) to 14 (Sun), 2021, as part of its public relations activities for this fiscal year and to introduce its research activities to the general public. For the first time, we will be holding this event online, and we have organized various exhibitions and interactive activities that everyone from children to adults and from anywhere in the world can enjoy.