"Africa rice farming system"
Development of sustainable rice cultivation and food production system in Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa is the world's most food insecure region, with one in four people chronically hungry. In order to secure a stable supply of food for the region and achieve the eradication of hunger set forth in the SDGs, food production technology that can adapt to the increasingly unstable growing environment and effectively utilize limited resources such as water and nutrients is required. To this end, we will create new technologies and knowledge that will lead to increased production of rice, a key crop in the region, and improved nutrition for the people, with the aim of building a sustainable food production system centered on rice cultivation.
Develop new technologies and knowledge that will lead to a sustainable and nutrition-sensitive food production system centered on rice by integrating water management technologies, breeding materials and cultivation technologies, and to provide them to the target countries.
- Elucidation of the potential of paddy rice cultivation in Africa and development of technology to maximize output
- Development of breeding materials for rice and vegetables that contribute to increased food production and improved nutrition in Africa
- Development and impact assessment of cultivation technologies and production systems with excellent resource utilization that lead to improved nutrition and higher income
Madagascar, Tanzania, Guinea
Research institutes in target countries, extension organizations (members), research institutes in other countries, international research institutes, international development projects
TSUJIMOTO Yasuhiro (Crop, Livestock and Environment Division)
JIRCAS Publishes Technical Manual for Efficient Use of Water Resources in Irrigation Schemes in Africa
JIRCAS has released a "Technical Manual for Efficient Use of Water Resources in Irrigation Schemes", which describes several methods that contribute to improving water use efficiency in Africa, particularly in response to water resource constraints and facility degradation that are expected to become more serious in the future.
In Africa, most drainage channels in paddy fields constructed by farmers are earth canals, which are easily eroded by strong rains and running water, and result in diminishment of canal functions. We have published a manual that introduces inexpensive reinforcement measures for irrigation canals (reinforcement using cover-plants, wooden fence, and soil bricks) that can be implemented by farmers.
A workshop on the rapid soil fertility evaluation technology developed in conjunction with the SATREPS "Project for Breakthrough in Nutrient Use Efficiency for Rice by Genetic Improvement and Fertility Sensing Techniques in Africa” was held in Madagascar to disseminate the output of the project to agricultural technology extension workers and other beneficiaries.