700. Sustainable Eating Habits
Today's article marks the 700th Pick Up since we began in March 2020. Here we present a discussion on sustainable diets by Prof. Jessica Fanzo, a leading expert on food system issues. Sustainable diets must take into account environmental sustainability as well as balancing the environmental and nutritional needs of various communities around the world. Individuals becoming aware of where and how food is produced and procured, and making wise food choices, will likely lead to saving the health of our planet.
699. China's Population Declines in 2022, India Leads the World in 2023
In the "World Population Prospects 2022," released on the occasion of World Population Day on July 11, the United Nations predicted that China's population would begin to decline in 2022, and now statistics released by the National Bureau of Statistics of China also confirmed a population decline in 2022.
698. Challenges to Fertilizer Availability
The CEO of a global fertilizer company reportedly accused the Russian president of "weaponising food" as many countries rely on Russian fertilizer for food production. The World Bank noted that while fertilizer prices have recently calmed compared to early 2022, they remain at historically high levels and availability remains a challenge.
697. 2022 - One of the Warmest Years on Record
On January 12, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) declared 2022 the fifth warmest year on record, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) ranked 2022 as the sixth warmest year on record, and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) declared that the past eight years were the warmest globally based on six international weather data sets. NASA also reported that the summer in North America has been the warmest on record, especially in the northern regions.
696. Brutal Weather Changes as New Normal
The United States has been plagued by drought and wildfires due to low rainfall over the past few years, and it has been reported that California has been experiencing heavy rains since the end of the year, causing significant damage. Under climate change, the probability of drought and flood extremes is said to be increasing. Under climate change, "rough and brutal" weather changes could become "the new normal.
695. Global Risks Report 2023
The Global Risks Report, published annually in January by the World Economic Forum (WEF), provides a window into global issues from the perspective of the world's leaders. The 2023 report states that the 2020s, which opened with the new normal following the COVID-19 crisis, are simultaneously facing old and new types of environmental and social risks, coupled with a cascade of food and energy crises due to the outbreak of war in Ukraine.
694. International Year of Millets 2023
The United Nations has designated 2023 as the International Year of Millets (IYM2023). Millet is a crop that grows better in arid lands and is more tolerant of climatic changes than other cereals. Furthermore, millet is also called "nutri-cereal" due to its high nutritional value, and is attracting attention.
693. The Role of International Cooperation in Ozone Layer Recovery
692. December 2022 World Food Price Index
On January 6, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) released its latest World Food Price Index, showing that December 2022 was the ninth consecutive month of decline and 1.0% lower than a year ago. However, for the year 2022 as a whole, the food price index is 14.3% higher than in 2021.
691. Record High Temperatures in Europe During the New Year Holidays
690. Cost to Reconfigure the Food System
Rebuilding the food system into a resilient and sustainable system is constrained by limited information on the amount of investment needed globally. A paper recently published in Global Food Security attempted to estimate the costs required to rebuild the food system. The paper estimated the total cost of food system transformation at USD 1.3 ± 0.1 trillion per year, showing that the seemingly enormous cost is only equivalent to 7% of the negative environmental and health externalities that the current food system causes each year, and that the benefits from action are significant.
689. Welcome 2023
In Nature journal's list of notable science news for 2023, the topic of reconciling the interests of developing and developed countries in the run-up to COP28, scheduled to be held in Dubai, was mentioned in relation to climate change. In order to realize international collaboration, it is necessary to have science-policy dialogue to recognize the diversity of the world's food and agriculture systems and to apply science and technology approaches that are tailored to the circumstances of each country and region. In 2023, Pick Up will continue to disseminate information on food systems as a global challenge.
688. Looking Back at Year 2022
687. Top Pick Up Articles in FY2022
686. Factors Contributing to Increased Atmospheric Methane Concentrations during Lockdown Period
685. Soil Biodiversity
684. World Food and Agriculture Statistics
683. Historic International Agreement on Biodiversity Conservation
682. Seminar "The application of science and traditional knowledge to foster the utilization of foods obtained from local landscapes for improved nutrition and livelihoods" Report
The hybrid seminar "The application of science and traditional knowledge to foster the utilization of foods obtained from local landscapes for improved nutrition and livelihoods" was successfully held last December 12. The seminar featured presentations by experts in the field of traditional and local food use promotion, genetic resource conservation, and utilization in Africa and Asia that contribute to improved nutrition and incomes. A lively discussion ensued with participants on how to maximize the potential of local food diversity in meeting the nutritional, environmental, and economic needs of the target communities while conserving the diversity of genetic resources and cultural values.
681. JIRCAS Affiliated Researcher SAITO Kazuki Receives 21st Century Hope Prize of 7th Niigata International Food Award