Information Analysis

Pick Up

529. April 2022 Global Grain Market

The problems occurring in Ukraine and Russia, the world's breadbasket, have created a climate of uncertainty in the grain markets. Monitoring trends in major producing and exporting countries that affect demand and supply is critical to global food security. We introduce here the maize situation in Brazil based on the April monthly report on grain market conditions from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

Pick Up

528. Impact of War on Food, Energy and Finance Systems

The Russia-Ukraine crisis has come at the worst possible time for the world as it grapples with its response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Soaring food, energy, and fertilizer prices have increased the risk of further global instability, and on April 13, the United Nations released a report by the Global Crisis Response Group, which expressed concern that 17 million people worldwide will be significantly affected by any one of a number of risks that could spill over into the food, energy, and financial systems from the war in Ukraine. The report expressed concern that 17 million people worldwide would be severely affected by any one of a number of risks that could spill over into the food, energy, and financial systems of Ukraine.

Pick Up

527. Changing Africa ~Field Researchers' Views on Food and Agriculture in Africa~

On the last day of the JIRCAS Open House 2022, a panel discussion was held on the theme of "Changing Africa: Field Researchers' Views on Agriculture and Food in Africa".

Pick Up

526. Towards Sustainable Use of Wild Species

Many of the products around us such as cosmetics and supplements that we unconsciously use on a daily basis are made from wild plant species. In recent years, the global demand for raw materials from wild species has been increasing, but they are in danger of extinction due to loss of survival zones, climate change, and over-exploitation. A recent report published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) hopes to raise awareness among all those involved in the wild species trade, leading to conservation through responsible consumption and production.
Pick Up

525. Importance of Agricultural Diversity in Building Climate Resilient Food Systems

Recently, under climate change, our food system has been exposed more frequently to extreme weather events such as rising temperatures, forest fires, droughts and floods, and new diseases caused by temperature and rainfall changes. The Guardian's April 14 article argues that diversity of genetic resources is the key to climate change adaptation.

Pick Up

524. International Mother Earth Day

Today, April 22, is International Mother Earth Day. This year's theme is “Invest in Our Planet”. Actions are needed to promote the transition to a sustainable economy that is friendly to both humanity and the planet.
Pick Up

523. JIRCAS Open House 2022: Live Streaming of Panel Discussion on April 24 at 1:00-2:00 PM JST

The JIRCAS Open House 2022 is now online. A panel discussion focusing on food and agriculture in Africa will be held via live-streaming on April 24 (Sun), the last day of the Open House, from 1:00 PM JST. Please watch and join us.
Pick Up

522. Stamp Rally Quiz Challenge on International Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

The JIRCAS Open House 2022 is now accessible online until April 24 (Sun) at a special site on the official website. Today, we will introduce 2 activities, the "Stamp Rally Quiz” on international agriculture, forestry, and fisheries, and "360˚ Camera Video" from a researcher/animal's point of view.

Pick Up

521. Gaps in Global Food Systems Research

On April 12, Nature published an editorial discussing how the war in Ukraine is exposing a gap in food systems research and the need for action by researchers to stem the cycle of another food crisis. The invasion, war, pandemic and financial crisis are all putting unprecedented stress on the global food system.
Pick Up

520. Three Major Farming Methods for Shrimp Imported to Japan

The Japanese people love shrimp, and in 2019 they consumed more than 230,000 tons of shrimp annually, making them the second largest consumer per capita in the world, after the United States. According to government statistics, about 70% of the shrimp imported to Japan comes from Southeast and South Asian regions such as Vietnam and India. Shrimp caught in these countries were exported until the 1980s, but since the 1990s, production has shifted mainly to aquaculture due to dwindling resources. In addition, 2022 is the International Year of Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture. In this Pick Up, we will introduce some of the less commonly known methods of shrimp farming.
Pick Up

519. JIRCAS Online Open House 2022

The JIRCAS Open House 2022 will be held from April 18 (Mon) to 24 (Sun). The open house will be held online and a special site has been set up on the JIRCAS website. We look forward to your participation.
Pick Up

518. Biodiversity Footprint of International Trade

A paper recently published in Scientific Reports stated that while human activities are the largest contributor to biodiversity loss through direct loss of habitat and indirectly through climate change, the events that contribute to species extinctions often result from consumption and services in areas far-removed from the affected species. The study showed that international trade is responsible for 29.5% of the global species extinction footprint.
Pick Up

517. The Challenge of Improving Agricultural Productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa

Our World in Data, an online site that attempts to visualize various world events through statistical dashboards, introduced the issue of agricultural productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) as one of the biggest challenges of this century. In order to achieve both productivity gains and environmental impact reductions, it is necessary to confront the challenges of small-scale farming systems in Africa on a site-by-site basis, experimenting with various innovations.
Pick Up

516. Towards Making Foods Healthy, Sustainable and Accessible

At the UN Food System Summit last September, the shift to food that contributes to the health of the planet and humankind became the biggest agenda, and a diverse range of stakeholders, not only international organizations and governments, but also civil society and the private sector, expressed their commitment to change. Among them, the Rockefeller Foundation, an influential force in international agricultural research, announced the launching of the Good Food Strategy, which aims for a world where quality food is physically and economically accessible to all people.
Pick Up

515. World Food Price Trends-FAO Food Price Index Hits Record High

On April 8, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) released the World Food Price Index, reporting that food price indexes hit an all-time high in March 2022 due to unstable international social conditions. This surge reflects, among other things, the highest price indexes for vegetable oils, cereals, and meat.
Pick Up

514. Dr. Guntur V. Subbarao, JIRCAS Senior Researcher, Speaks at TED2022

Dr. Guntur V. Subbarao, JIRCAS Senior Researcher, will speak at the TED2022: A New ERA to be held from April 10-14, 2022 in Vancouver, Canada. Dr. Subbarao’s research on BNI-enhanced wheat has garnered worldwide attention and won the Cozzarelli Prize for 2021 from PNAS and the National Academy of Sciences.

Pick Up

513. African Union Year of Nutrition 2022 Towards Nourishing Africa

In this article, we present a summary of a letter to the editor of Nature Food from Akinwumi Adesina, President of the African Development Bank.

Pick Up

512. IPCC - The Need for Systemic Change to Reduce Global Warming

On April 4, 2022, the third part of the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), was released, addressing the need for systemic change to curb global warming. Effective implementation of mitigation measures in the agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU) sector, which accounts for approximately 22% of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, also requires a systems perspective that takes into account national circumstances.
Pick Up

511. Simple Virus-free Technology Video Manual for Passion Fruit

The introduction of tropical fruit tree varieties and technologies in response to global warming and other factors has the potential to make a significant contribution to future agricultural development and diversification of food and nutrition sources not only in tropical and subtropical countries but also in Japan. The JIRCAS Tropical Tropical Agriculture Research Front (TARF) located on Ishigaki Island is taking advantage of the climatic and geographical conditions to conserve and evaluate genetic resources of tropical crops, develop breeding materials, and develop varieties and cultivation techniques for the Nansei Islands. We have recently published a manual and explanatory video on virus-free technology for domestic passion fruit growers.

Pick Up

510. Translating Psychometric Scales in Developing Countries

In the field of development assistance, there is a growing focus on psychological research that results in behavior change. This is because the diffusion of agricultural technologies requires a process by which target farmers change their traditional behaviors and transition to new technologies. The JIRCAS project has integrated this psychological approach by aiming for the effective diffusion of agricultural technologies in Madagascar. The study found that the Likert method, a psychological test scale widely used in high-income countries, is not applicable to poor farmers in Madagascar and developed an alternative test scale. This achievement was featured in the Japanese Journal of Personality, and is expected to be useful for valid psychometrics for rural areas in developing countries.