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1023. From Food Systems Summits to Systemic Change

The UN has recently released the Secretary-General's report outlining the progress made since the UN Food Systems Summit +2 Stocktaking Moment (UNFSS+2). The report emphasizes the need to accelerate food system transformation and calls for action to achieve the goals for the next stocktaking moment scheduled in 2025. 

 

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1022. International Day for Biological Diversity

The International Day for Biological Diversity, celebrated every May 22nd, offers an opportunity to raise awareness of the loss of biodiversity and the problems associated with it. The theme for 2024 is “Be part of the Plan," calling on all stakeholders to take action towards achieving the new global biodiversity goals by 2030.
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1021. Climate Change Making Heat Waves in Asia More Extreme

On May 14, World Weather Attribution (WWA), which analyzes the causal relationships between extreme events and climate change, reported that climate change made the heat waves that hit millions of people from April to early May across Asia more extreme. 
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1020. Pollinators, Food Security, and Ecosystem Conservation

May 20 is World Bee Day. Pollinators such as honeybees not only directly contribute to food security, but also play a central role in maintaining biodiversity.
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1019. Africa’s Greenhouse Gases Budget

An analysis of the estimation of the greenhouse gases budget in Africa has been published in the journal Global Biogeochemical Cycles. The paper suggested that during the 2010-2019 period, Africa was a net source of greenhouse gas emissions (mostly carbon neutral), with its carbon storage capacity decreasing over years.
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1018. Low Water Levels in the Panama Canal Caused by El Niño

World Weather Attribution, which analyzes the causal relationship between extreme events and climate change, cites El Niño as a factor that influenced the loss of water in the Panama Canal. El Niño is also reported to be a major contributor to recent major floodings in southern Brazil and East Africa, while NOAA has forecasted that El Niño may end in June, followed by the La Niña phenomenon.
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1017. Global Temperatures in April 2024

According to the EU’s Copernicus Climate Change Service, April 2024 was the hottest April on record, marking the 11th consecutive month with the highest recorded monthly temperature.
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1016. Scientists Who Have Contributed to the Conservation of Crop Genetic Resource Diversity to Receive the 2024 World Food Prize

Dr. Geoffrey Hawtin and Dr. Cary Fowler will receive the 2024 World Food Prize in recognition of their contributions to the conservation of crop diversity and genetic resources, which are critical to global food security.
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1015. Food as Medicine

Today, we're going to share with you an article published in the journal Nature Medicine (Venkatesan 2024) that shows how changing your diet can benefit your health.
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1014. International Day of Plant Health 2024

The theme for International Day of Plant Health 2024 is plant health, safe trade and digital technology. Let's raise awareness and take action to keep plants healthy and ensure safe trade to create sustainable economies and livelihoods.
 
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1013. The Bolivia Symposium—The Charms of Salar de Uyuni, Quinoa, and Llamas

JIRCAS is pleased to announce the joint symposium with the Embassy of Bolivia in Japan, titled "The Bolivia Symposium—The Charms of Salar de Uyuni, Quinoa, and Llamas", to be held on Monday, May 20, 2024, at the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) Tokyo Headquarters Annex.
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1012. Global Food Price Trends for April 2024 

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) released its global food price trends on May 3. The average value in April 2024 was 119.1 points, up 0.3 points (0.3%) from the previous month, reflecting an increase in meat prices and a slight increase in the price indicators of vegetable oil and cereals. It was an increase that reversed a seven-month downward trend following April, but it was only 9.6 points (7.4%) lower than the previous year.
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1011. The Potential of Climate-Resilient Traditional Food Crops in Sub-Saharan Africa

As climate change progresses, the productivity of staple food crops in Sub-Saharan Africa is predicted to be significantly affected. A paper by World Vegetable Center researchers that recently won PNAS's 2023 Cozzarelli Prize shows the climate-resilient potential of Neglected and Underutilised Plant Species (NUS) in sub-Saharan Africa.
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1010. 2024 Global Report on Food Crises

The 2024 Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC 2024) has been released, highlighting the formidable challenges that stand in the way of achieving the goal of eradicating hunger by 2030.
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1009. Rethinking ‘Net Zero’ for Realizing Climate Targets

While many countries, municipalities, and companies have pledged to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by mid-century, "net zero" has been a success as a phrase and as a promise. An opinion piece published in the journal PNAS in late April noted that while the "net zero" goal has become a beacon of hope, more comprehensive climate mitigation efforts should be embraced.
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1008. Climate Change Impacts on Inflations

Last week, we featured two research articles that examined the economic damage caused by climate change. Climate change, through its effects on economic productivity, can cause inflation and impact consumers’ livelihoods. Today’s article presents a recently published paper that investigates the impacts of climate change and extreme heat waves on inflationary pressures.  
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1007. Economic Costs of Climate Change

Climate change, through variations in temperature and precipitation, has significant negative impacts on economic activities. Recently published papers predict that global warming will significantly reduce global GDP, with regions at low latitudes affected most. 
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1006. Latest Research on Disease Burden

Today, we present the results of the latest study on disease burden. Health losses due to COVID-19 were also quantified.
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1005. Observed Trends in Recent Extreme Weather

In recent years, record-high temperatures have been accompanied by extreme weather events around the world. A newly published paper has noted that in recent years, extreme heat waves have tended to be observed relatively early in the year and simultaneously in different regions around the world. The year 2024 has already seen extreme events such as heat waves in South America, droughts in Southern Africa, and floodings in Dubai. On April 18, the World Weather Attribution (WWA), which analyzes the causal relationship between extreme events and climate change, announced that the heat waves observed in the Sahara region and West Africa from late March to early April 2024 reached nearly 45°C.
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1004. Only Two Years Left to Save the Planet

Simon Stiell, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), gave a speech entitled "Two Years to Save the World. In addition, a seminar will be held this Friday with a Japanese staff of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) participating in climate change negotiations, including the COP.