Information Analysis

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685. Soil Biodiversity

The 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15) to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, which concluded on December 19, agreed on the “Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework," which includes targets for the conservation of 30% of terrestrial and marine biodiversity.The relevant COP15 document, “Biodiversity and agriculture" focused on soil biodiversity as a determinant of healthy functioning of terrestrial ecosystems and emphasized its importance in the functioning of sustainable agri-food systems in food and nutrition security, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and achieving sustainable goals.
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684. World Food and Agriculture Statistics

It is recognized that today's food system is far from providing food that is environmentally sustainable and conducive to health in a fair manner for all people, and the global trend is to seek solutions through innovation. At the same time, the state of the world's agriculture is extremely diverse, and there is no one-size-fits-all technology or solution, so it is necessary to constantly update information on the diverse state of the world's agriculture in order to formulate strategies. Today’s Pick up highlight some statistics on global food and agriculture from the introductory page of the FAO Statistical Pocketbook World Food and Agriculture 2022.
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683. Historic International Agreement on Biodiversity Conservation

The 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15) to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, held in Montreal, Canada since December 7, closed on December 19, and a landmark "30 by 30" commitment was reached to protect 30% of the planet’s lands, coastal areas and inland waters by 2030 has been hailed as comparable to the Paris Agreement on climate. As for the agriculture, forestry, and fisheries sector, the commitment to contribute to the long-term resilience and efficiency of production systems through sustainable use of biodiversity and innovative approaches was called for, and it also included cutting food waste in half.
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682. Seminar "The application of science and traditional knowledge to foster the utilization of foods obtained from local landscapes for improved nutrition and livelihoods" Report

The hybrid seminar "The application of science and traditional knowledge to foster the utilization of foods obtained from local landscapes for improved nutrition and livelihoods" was successfully held last December 12. The seminar featured presentations by experts in the field of traditional and local food use promotion, genetic resource conservation, and utilization in Africa and Asia that contribute to improved nutrition and incomes. A lively discussion ensued with participants on how to maximize the potential of local food diversity in meeting the nutritional, environmental, and economic needs of the target communities while conserving the diversity of genetic resources and cultural values.

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681. JIRCAS Affiliated Researcher SAITO Kazuki Receives 21st Century Hope Prize of 7th Niigata International Food Award

The commendation ceremony and commemorative lectures of the awardees of the 7th Niigata International Food Award were held at the International Conference Hall of the Niigata Convention Center, Toki Messe, Niigata City on November 29, 2022. The award is given to those who have made efforts to solve problems in the field of food and agriculture, and Dr. SAITO Kazuki, an affiliated researcher of JIRCAS, received the 21st Century Hope Award.
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680. Five Major Factors Affecting Biodiversity

The 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15) to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity is currently underway, and it is reported that world leaders are in talks to reach an agreement to reverse the loss of biodiversity. Today, we will review the five major causes of the nature crisis and biodiversity loss.

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679. November 2022 World Food Price Index 

The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) released its World Food Index in early December, with November 2022 values averaging 135.7 points, with most sub-indices showing monthly declines except vegetable oil and sugar, offsetting price increases in vegetable oil and sugar, and little change overall. Although international prices have calmed down compared to a brief period, according to the World Bank, food price inflation has been reported in many countries around the world.

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678. Global Nutrition Report 2022: Stronger Commitments for Greater Action

The 2022 Global Nutrition Report was published this month with a comprehensive assessment of the commitments made at last year's Tokyo Nutrition for Growth (N4G) Summit.

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677. Environmental Impacts of Food Production

Food production accounts for 26% of global greenhouse gas emissions and uses 70% of the world's freshwater withdrawals, so what we eat and how we produce has a significant impact on achieving climate change action, water stress and pollution reduction, land restoration, and global wildlife protection. The European Union's agreement to legislate food regulations that lead to deforestation and degradation in the EU market has been reported in the press and is expected to influence the strategies of countries and regions around the world.
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676. JICA-JISNAS Forum on "Global Trends in Food Security and Human Resource Development in Universities and Faculties of Agricultural Sciences"

The 11th JICA-JISNAS Forum on "Global Trends in Food Security and Human Resource Development in Agricultural Universities and Faculties" will be held in hybrid format on December 19 (Mon), 2022. The forum, in which JIRCAS will also participate as a speaker, will deepen insight into the global trends in food security and the efforts being made in Japan and abroad, and discuss the actual situation, challenges, and improvement measures for human resource development, including study abroad programs, in agricultural universities and faculties, which are responsible for solving this issue.
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675. Importance of Genetic Diversity Research on Orphan Crops

More than 2 billion people worldwide suffer from severe micronutrient deficiencies, known as “hidden hunger". In recent years, attention has focused on the effective use of underutilized crops and genetic resources, known as orphan crops. JIRCAS, together with collaborating institutions, has elucidated for the first time in the world the genetic diversity of "hiyuna" (Amaranthus tricolor L.), a traditional vegetable of the Asian region. A presentation on "hiyuna" research will be given at the seminar to be held next week on December 12. Please register for the seminar.

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674. One Year After the Tokyo Nutrition Summit

Exactly one year ago, on December 7-8, 2021, the Tokyo Nutrition for Growth (N4G) Summit 2021 was held in Tokyo. Today, we look back at the Tokyo N4G Summit from last year's Pick Up article.

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673. Toward Agreement on International Biodiversity Targets

With less than a month left in 2022, we introduced in Pick Up earlier this year that 2022 is the year that will determine the fate of the biodiversity agenda—slowing the loss of biodiversity by 2030 and setting a goal to conserve biodiversity by 2050. The 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15) to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, where the Global Biodiversity Framework will be discussed, starts today, December 7.
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672. Report on the JIRCAS International Symposium 2022 “Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Sustainable Food Systems”

The JIRCAS International Symposium 2022 “Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Sustainable Food Systems” was held on November 22, 2022 under the auspices of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) and the Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency (FRA).

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671. World Soil Day 2022

World Soil Day is held annually on December 5 to promote a better understanding of soil resources, recognize the importance of soil health, and advocate for its sustainable management. This year's theme is "Soils: Where food begins". JIRCAS is engaged in technology development, information dissemination, and awareness-raising activities targeting soil fertility management and productivity improvement in oligotrophic soils in Africa.
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670. The Role of Agrobiodiversity in the Food System

The globalization of food systems over the past several decades has resulted in a loss of agricultural diversity. A paper published in Nature argued that land-specific food systems guarantee ecological and socioeconomic sustainability and need to be mainstreamed in policy and scientific debates.

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669. State of Global Water Resources

The impact of climate change is often felt through water-related phenomena such as increased frequency and intensity of droughts and floods, changes in rainfall patterns, and glacier melting. The World Meteorological Organization's (WMO) State of Global Water Resources, which attempted to assess the impact of climate, environmental, and social changes on the Earth's water resources, reported that in 2021, many regions of the world were affected by climate change and La Niña-induced rainfall patterns, with dry conditions were observed in many regions of the world.
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668. Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2022

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, coupled with the war in Ukraine, is making it significantly more difficult to achieve the global goal of eradicating extreme poverty by 2030. The World Bank's “Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2022: Correcting Course” provides a comprehensive analysis of the global poverty impacts of COVID-19 and the war in Ukraine, and a comprehensive analysis of policy reforms to support growth and development, which are prerequisites for achieving poverty reduction in low- and middle-income countries.


 
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667. Global Fertilizer Market and Policy Trends

Russia's invasion of Ukraine is casting a dark shadow over the global economy post-pandemic by disrupting supply chains and creating inflationary pressures on energy, agricultural, and fertilizer prices. Not only are Russia and Ukraine major grain exporters, but Russia in particular is the world's largest fertilizer exporter, and the geopolitical crisis will have a major impact on agricultural production in countries dependent on imported fertilizer. Today, we present a summary of a report on global fertilizer market and policy trends compiled by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Trade Organization (WTO).
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666. Global Warming Trends Reported Around the World

Recently, there have been reports from around the world suggesting accelerated global warming. According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the past eight years have been the hottest on record due to heat retention caused by increased greenhouse gas emissions, and while 2022 is projected to be only the fifth or sixth hottest year on record due to a third consecutive La Niña event, long-term warming is ongoing.