June is here, and since the beginning of the year, the international community has been faced with various challenges, such as the Russian invasion of Ukraine and the COVID-19 pandemic which has not yet been fully resolved. On May 24, the World Economic Forum compiled the opinions of the world's top economists on what will happen in 2022, and one of the issues raised was the crisis in global food security brought about by the surge in prices of wheat, fertilizer, and other commodities due to the war in Ukraine.
Russia's invasion of Ukraine has shaken international politics and markets. While the timing of the convergence is uncertain, it is imperative that this war has long-term, structural consequences for the international community. Chatham House, a British think tank, has compiled a report on the food and energy implications of the Ukraine war, which poses a cascading risk of supply disruptions.
According to a report (DROUGHT IN NUMBERS 2022) published by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in May 2022, the increasing frequency and intensity of droughts in recent years are affecting not only human societies but the entire ecosystem on which all life depends. A proactive management approach to drought risk, rather than ad hoc response measures to crises, is required, and coordination and cooperation based on adequate financial measures and political will are needed to achieve this.
542. Symbiotic Microorganisms Contribute to the Promotion of Yam Growth― Aiming to Develop New Technology to Improve Productivity
Yam, a staple food and cash crop produced in West Africa, has been in increasing demand in recent years, and there is a need to improve its productivity. Recent studies have revealed that yams, like legume crops, symbiotically harbor nitrogen-fixing bacteria, which promote plant growth and tuber production. The results of these studies are expected to contribute to the development of yam varieties that can be cultivated in low-fertility soils, and fertilization technology that uses the power of microorganisms to reduce the cost of applying expensive chemical fertilizers.
541. Elucidating the Relationship Between Flowering Sex and Yield of White Guinea Yam― Towards the Development of Efficient Cultivation Methods―
The 2022 Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC 2022), released on May 4, reports that almost 193 million people in 53 countries and territories faced an immediate food security crisis in 2021, an increase of nearly 40 million people from the previous year, and expresses concern that the food security crisis has risen over the past six years.