478. Technology Development for Stable Agricultural Production under Adverse Environment and Changing Climate Conditions
The FAO has released "Crops and climate change impact briefs". It includes a chapter on cowpea, which describes sustainable and resilient cowpea production systems through climate-smart agriculture (CSA) and approaches to climate change adaptation and mitigation. In addition, it also discusses the contribution of these practices to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
475. Development of Sustainable Technologies to Increase Agricultural Productivity and Improve Food Security in Africa
In Sub-Saharan Africa, where one in four people is reported to be malnourished and the population is expected to double by 2050, achieving food security in terms of both quantity and quality has become an urgent issue. A review paper published in JARQ summarizes the "Food Security in Africa" project conducted by JIRCAS from 2016 to 2020.
474. JIRCAS Joint Research Output: Book on Analysis of Production and Consumption Trends of Japonica Rice in China
On February 3, 2022, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) announced that that the Food Price Index averaged 135.7 points in January, and increased by 1.5 points (1.1%) compared to December 2021. The increase appears to reflect a price spike mainly due to supply constraints in major vegetable oil producing countries.
The melting of icebergs seems to be progressing steadily in Antarctica and the Arctic. The melting of icebergs releases large amounts of fresh water, which, depending on the extent of melting, can have a significant impact on the physical and biological properties of the surrounding oceans. If climatic conditions such as accelerated glacial melting interfere with the maintenance of the storage facility, it could threaten the very basis of agriculture based on crop diversity.
468. Climate Change Adaptation Measures in Asia ―Economic Evaluation of Adaptation Measures for Rice Production in Vietnam
The Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) and Japanese cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) are important timber species, accounting for the majority of planted forests in Japan. Although cedar is considered to be endemic to Japan, it is also used as a timber resource in subtropical regions such as India and Taiwan. In a study published in the international journal PLOS ONE, we compared various physiological and ecological traits of Japanese cedar and Japanese cypress using a large database of literature published over the past 70 years. Such a database can be used to make better predictions of climate change impacts on forest ecosystems and to develop more climate-resilient forest management practices. A similar database is urgently needed for tropical trees.
462. Creating Sustainable Industry through Value-adding Technologies for the Vast Unused Biomass from Oil Palm Plantations
A paper published in Nature Food in January 2022 pointed out that a bold shift from animal-based foods to plant-based foods in high-income countries could simultaneously achieve multiple climate change and environmental conservation goals. On the other hand, if it is not realistic in the short term to achieve a rapid dietary shift even in high-income countries, changing the mindset of individual consumers and gradually taking action seems to be effective enough.