Information Analysis

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673. Toward Agreement on International Biodiversity Targets

With less than a month left in 2022, we introduced in Pick Up earlier this year that 2022 is the year that will determine the fate of the biodiversity agenda—slowing the loss of biodiversity by 2030 and setting a goal to conserve biodiversity by 2050. The 15th Conference of the Parties (COP15) to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, where the Global Biodiversity Framework will be discussed, starts today, December 7.
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672. Report on the JIRCAS International Symposium 2022 “Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Sustainable Food Systems”

The JIRCAS International Symposium 2022 “Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Sustainable Food Systems” was held on November 22, 2022 under the auspices of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) and the Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency (FRA).

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671. World Soil Day 2022

World Soil Day is held annually on December 5 to promote a better understanding of soil resources, recognize the importance of soil health, and advocate for its sustainable management. This year's theme is "Soils: Where food begins". JIRCAS is engaged in technology development, information dissemination, and awareness-raising activities targeting soil fertility management and productivity improvement in oligotrophic soils in Africa.
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670. The Role of Agrobiodiversity in the Food System

The globalization of food systems over the past several decades has resulted in a loss of agricultural diversity. A paper published in Nature argued that land-specific food systems guarantee ecological and socioeconomic sustainability and need to be mainstreamed in policy and scientific debates.

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669. State of Global Water Resources

The impact of climate change is often felt through water-related phenomena such as increased frequency and intensity of droughts and floods, changes in rainfall patterns, and glacier melting. The World Meteorological Organization's (WMO) State of Global Water Resources, which attempted to assess the impact of climate, environmental, and social changes on the Earth's water resources, reported that in 2021, many regions of the world were affected by climate change and La Niña-induced rainfall patterns, with dry conditions were observed in many regions of the world.
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668. Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2022

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, coupled with the war in Ukraine, is making it significantly more difficult to achieve the global goal of eradicating extreme poverty by 2030. The World Bank's “Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2022: Correcting Course” provides a comprehensive analysis of the global poverty impacts of COVID-19 and the war in Ukraine, and a comprehensive analysis of policy reforms to support growth and development, which are prerequisites for achieving poverty reduction in low- and middle-income countries.


 
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667. Global Fertilizer Market and Policy Trends

Russia's invasion of Ukraine is casting a dark shadow over the global economy post-pandemic by disrupting supply chains and creating inflationary pressures on energy, agricultural, and fertilizer prices. Not only are Russia and Ukraine major grain exporters, but Russia in particular is the world's largest fertilizer exporter, and the geopolitical crisis will have a major impact on agricultural production in countries dependent on imported fertilizer. Today, we present a summary of a report on global fertilizer market and policy trends compiled by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Trade Organization (WTO).
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666. Global Warming Trends Reported Around the World

Recently, there have been reports from around the world suggesting accelerated global warming. According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the past eight years have been the hottest on record due to heat retention caused by increased greenhouse gas emissions, and while 2022 is projected to be only the fifth or sixth hottest year on record due to a third consecutive La Niña event, long-term warming is ongoing.
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665. Seminar on "The application of science and traditional knowledge to foster the utilization of foods obtained from local landscapes for improved nutrition and livelihoods"

Foods from local landscapes provide an important source of nutrition and livelihoods for local communities in Africa and Asia. This seminar will invite experts to share their insights and experiences in the application of science and traditional knowledge to foster the utilization of foods obtained from local landscapes for improved nutrition and livelihoods.

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664. The Sharm el-Sheikh Implementation Plan

The 27th Conference of the Parties (COP27) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held until the end of last week. The Sharm el-Sheikh Implementation Plan, which was finalized after extended negotiations, reaffirmed the commitment of the Parties to limit global temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and emphasized the importance of water and water-related ecosystem conservation in adaptation.
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663. FAST Initiative: Toward Sustainable Transformation of Food and Agriculture

The 27th Conference of the Parties (COP27) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), scheduled to last until November 18, has extended its session and reached an agreement to establish an assistance fund for developing countries regarding "loss and damage”. In order to transform agriculture and food systems into sustainable ones, we need to coordinate our efforts at the global and regional levels. In this issue, we will introduce the Food and Agriculture for Sustainable Transformation Initiative (FAST) launched during the session.
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662. Extension of the Black Sea Grain Initiative and the FAO Food Outlook

The four-party agreement between the United Nations, Russia, Ukraine, and Turkey that guarantees exports of Ukrainian grain was set to expire on November 19, but it has been announced that it will be extended for 120 days, which is expected to avert a global food price spike for the time being. Meanwhile, trends in food, fertilizer, and energy prices, via the food system, have a major impact on global food security. The FAO Food Outlook released on November 11 announced that world food imports for 2022 will be higher than expected.
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661. JIRCAS International Symposium 2022 Registration Deadline Today

The JIRCAS International Symposium 2022 “Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Sustainable Food Systems” will be held on the afternoon of Tuesday, November 22, in a hybrid meeting format. The sustainable development of artisanal and small-scale fisheries and aquaculture is essential to achieving the SDGs. Dr. Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted, recipient of the 2021 World Food Prize for her significant contribution to improving the nutrition and livelihoods of the population through the development of technologies with a nutrition-sensitive approach to aquaculture and food systems, will also be a keynote speaker.
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660. Investment in Climate Change "Loss and Damage” and "Adaptation and Mitigation" in the Agricultural Sector of Developing Countries

At COP27, financial support for "loss and damage" such as heavy rains and droughts suffered by developing countries is on the agenda. Although the climate change debate has intensified the conflict between developed and developing countries, international cooperation to promote innovation in climate change adaptation and mitigation in the agricultural sector is required to achieve sustainable development in which no one is left behind.
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659. Net-positive Goals to Biodiversity Loss

The World Wildlife Fund released the "Living Planet Report 2022" in October 2022. Biodiversity loss has become an important global issue comparable to global warming. However, unlike climate change, net-zero thinking alone is not enough to address biodiversity loss and it is necessary to pursue net-positive goals to restore what has been lost.
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658. Awarding Ceremony for the 2022 (The 16th) Japan International Award for Young Agricultural Researchers (Japan Award)

The awarding ceremony for the 2022 (The16th) Japan International Award for Young Agricultural Researchers (Japan Award) will be held on Tuesday, November 22, from 10:00 AM. The Japan Award was started in 2007 with a generous donation from Mr. MOTAI Shigeru, former Chairman of the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council (AFFRC). This year marks the 16th time the award is given. The JIRCAS International Symposium 2022 “Artisanal Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Sustainable Food System” will be held on the same day from 1:00 PM.
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657. World Population Surpasses 8 Billion!

Tomorrow, November 15, 2022, is the day that the world's population is estimated to reach 8 billion. Knowing global population trends is essential to planning for sustainable development internationally, including efforts to build food systems that are resilient to climate change, preserve the environment and biodiversity that support current and future generations, and ensure that no one is left behind with a nutrient-rich food supply. Today's Pick Up summarizes previous articles on world population.

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656. UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2022: The Closing Window

On October 27, the UN Environment Programme released the “Emissions Gap Report 2022: The Closing Window – Climate crisis calls for rapid transformation of societies”, warning that the current greenhouse gas reduction measures are far from achieving the Paris Agreement's target of a temperature increase of less than 1.5°C. 
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655. Toward the Establishment of Insecticide Susceptibility Monitoring Network for Fall Armyworm in Indochina

Fall armyworm is a transboundary pest that is capable of self-migrating over long distances. Therefore, if a strain develops resistance to insecticides in one region, it may quickly spread to neighboring countries. In order to suppress the development of insecticide resistance in fall armyworm, it is necessary to establish a network that enables monitoring of changes in susceptibility to insecticides in each country and prompt international countermeasures based on the results of such monitoring.

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654. COP27 Side-Event Organized by MAFF: Introduction of JIRCAS Research

On November 12 (Sat), JIRCAS researchers will participate in the COP27 side-event hosted by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) to introduce the results of technology development projects in Japan that will contribute to addressing climate change.