Physiological Roles of Rutin in the Buckwheat Plant

JARQ : Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly
ISSN 00213551
書誌レコードID(総合目録DB) AA0068709X
本文フルテキスト

The buckwheat plant contains high levels of rutin (flavonol 3-O-rutinoside) in many organs, including its seeds, cotyledon, leaves, stem, and flowers. The enzymes that catalyze the decomposition and synthesis of rutin in buckwheat are unique in terms of having relatively low Km values, indicating that buckwheat developed rutinosidase and glycosyl transferase enzymes specifically suited for rutin metabolism. In Tartary buckwheat seeds, high levels of rutin content and rutinosidase activity cause strong bitterness, which may effectively protect the seeds from being eaten by animals. The stress responses observed in buckwheat leaves suggests that rutin and rutinosidase are involved in enhancing the defense system against environmental stresses, including UV light, low temperature, and desiccation.

刊行年月日
作成者 SUZUKI Tatsuro MORISHITA Toshikazu KIM Sun-Ju PARK Sang-Un WOO Sun-hee NODA Takahiro TAKIGAWA Shigenobu
著者キーワード

rutinosidase

stress

Tartary buckwheat

quercetin

公開者 Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
データ作成日
国立情報学研究所メタデータ主題語彙集(資源タイプ) Journal Article
49
1
開始ページ 37
終了ページ 43
DOI 10.6090/jarq.49.37
権利 Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
言語 eng