Development of Circulating-Type Movable Bench System for Strawberry Cultivation
One of the direct approaches for obtaining a high yield of strawberries is high-density cultivation. Such cultivation improves the efficiency of space utilization in a greenhouse; however, it requires the movement of planting benches. The aim of this study is to develop a circulating-type movable bench system for strawberry cultivation that realizes high-density cultivation and improves work efficiency. The developed system, which is 16.0 m long and 9.2 m wide, consists mainly of two longitudinal conveying units, two lateral conveying units, two nutrient supply units, a chemical sprayer, 62 planting benches, and a control unit. The design of the longitudinal conveying mechanism combining the rotating and sliding movements of rods for pulling the benches and a method of controlling the conveying units achieves effective circulation, resulting in a cycle time of 67.0 s during which the successive bench reaches the initial position. This cycle time could be shortened by increasing the speed of lateral conveying. The planting density obtained using this approach is 16.0 to 20.0 plants m-2, which is roughly 2 to 2.5 times the plant density obtained in the conventional method of cultivation. Furthermore, the four cultivars used in this study showed vigorous growth, and the cultivars Akihime and Moikko showed a marketable yield twice as high as the conventional yield.
|作成者||HAYASHI Shigehiko SAITO Sadafumi IWASAKI Yasunaga YAMAMOTO Satoshi NAGOYA Takato KANO Kenzo|
longitudinal and lateral conveyors
|公開者||Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences|
|権利||Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences|