Evaluation of the Impact of the Release of Transgenic Tomato Plants with TMV Resistance on the Environment

JARQ : Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly
ISSN 00213551
書誌レコードID(総合目録DB) AA0068709X

Studies on the evaluation of the impact of the release of the tomato plants with introduced gene of TMV resistance on the environment were carried out from January, 1989, to January, 1992, mainly at the National Institute of Agro-Environmental Sciences (NIAES) in collaboration with the National Institute of Agrobiological Resources (NIAR) and the National Agriculture Research Center (NARC). Experiments were carried out according to the guidelines enacted by the Science and Technology Agency and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. The following characteristics were compared between the original plants and transgenic plants: (1) growth characteristics such as plant height and vigor, (2) pollen dispersion based on fruit set on emasculated flowers, (3) kinds of chemical substances produced by plants such as allelochemicals in plant tissues, soil and air, (4) microorganism flora in soil, (5) overwintering ability, (6) ability to become a weed, (7) the amount of Agrobacterium on plants, and (8) kinds of flower-visiting-insects. Cultivation was safely carried out. Since no harmful impact on the environment where the transgenic tomato plants had been cultivated was detected, it is suggested that this tomato strain can be cultivated in an open field. The TMV resistance was maintained throughout generations. These transgenic tomato plants were cultivated in an ordinary field in the summer of 1992 in the campus of the NIAEA.

作成者 Yukio ASAKAWA Fumiyoshi FUKUMOTO Etsuji HAMAYA Akira HASEBE Hiroaki ICHIKAWA Izumi MATSUDA Takeshi MATSUMURA Fusao MOTOYOSHI Katsuyoshi NOGUCHI Yuko OHASHI Muneo OKADA (Correspondence should be addressed) Mamoru SATO Masae SHIYOMI Masashi UGAKI Yasuo UKAI Kazunari YOKOYAMA (in alphabetical order)
国立情報学研究所メタデータ主題語彙集(資源タイプ) Journal Article
開始ページ 126
終了ページ 136
言語 eng