Environment and Natural Resource Management
Development of agricultural technologies for sustainable management of the environment and natural resources in developing regions
Climate change and environmental degradation have been escalating on a global scale. This program copes with these issues by developing and demonstrating technologies jointly with research institutes and extension organizations in Asian and African countries as well as local farmers involved.
Regarding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agricultural activities, the development of agricultural systems that reduce methane emissions and attain better carbon balance will be promoted through the introduction a water-saving irrigation scheme in paddy fields and through effective linkage of crop and livestock systems.
New technologies will be elaborated to reduce crop damage caused by extreme phenomena such as floods and erratic rainfall. In vulnerable regions where land degradation is accelerated and problem soils have expanded, technologies that sustain stable crop yield, in terms of crop improvement, cropping techniques, and soil and water management at a watershed scale, will be developed. The dissemination models will be proposed and demonstrated to apply these new technologies into target areas.
The development of breeding materials with enhanced biological nitrification inhibition (BNI) ability will be endeavored for more effective utilization of nitrogen fertilizer and to reduce nitrous oxide (N2O) gas emissions chiefly from cropping uplands and grasslands.
Continuous application of rice straw compost increases rice yield and contributes to carbon sequestration in paddy fields in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
Estimation of nitrogen load to groundwater at a sugarcane monocropping area in the Philippines
Technical manual on building a low-cost, shallow subsurface drainage system for mitigating salinization
Further insights into underlying mechanisms for the release of biological nitrification inhibitors from sorghum roots
Related JIRCAS Report
JIRCAS Workshop on ”Sustainable Resource Management and Environmental Conservation in the Pacific Islands” and Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Physical Hydrology held in Ishigaki
A satellite workshop titled “Sustainable Resource Management and Environmental Conservation in the Pacific Islands” was organized by JIRCAS and held in conjunction with the Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Physical Hydrology (JSPH) at the Nobumoto Ohama Memorial Hall in Ishigaki, Okinawa, on November 16, 2018.
On 10-12 October 2018, FAO and APEC held an international workshop on “Rice Landscapes and Climate Change” supported by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan at the ibis Styles Bangkok Khaosan Viengtai, Bangkok, Thailand.
Event, Symposium, Workshop
Place:Nobumoto Ohama Memorial Hall. (2-70 Tonoshiro, Ishigaki, Okinawa, JAPAN)
Business Trip Reports
|H30-0313||2018-10-2018-11||Philippines||研究打合せ、試験圃場等の状況調査、収穫調査||Environment and Natural Resource Management|
|H30-0164||2018-08-2018-08||Philippines, Indonesia||1.気候変動対応プロ：主要ステークホルダーとの連携構築、研究進捗確認、2.アジアバイオマスプロ：試験進捗の確認、データ検収、3.依頼(拠出金プロ)：ステークホルダー会議出席||Environment and Natural Resource Management, Value-adding Technologies|
|H30-0234||2018-09-2018-09||Burkina Faso||リン鉱石富化堆肥のDNA 抽出及び水抽出とそれらの輸入、C/Pとの研究詳細打合せ||Environment and Natural Resource Management|