Why the World Needs More Women Scientists for a Food-Secure Future

JIRCAS International Symposium Proceedings

As climate change and population growth, among other things, put future global food security at risk, the world faces a daunting challenge of finding innovative and sustainable solutions to produce more food under increasingly unfavorable conditions The Green Revolution offers some lessons on how humanity should overcome this predicament One important lesson is that agricultural research  and development are key to solving a potential global food crisis The world needs a new Agriculture and Agri-business Revolution, but one that is more resource-efficient and gender-responsive as today challenges and realities are different  One way to bring about a new wave of much-needed research  and innovation is to involve more women scientists in agricultural research as their potential has not been tapped fully yet

Studies show that a larger number of women within teams is positively linked with higher levels of innovative thinking, creativity and productivity, ultimately increasing the likelihood of success One large-scale, multi-country study found that gender-balanced teams are the most likely to experiment, be creative, share knowledge and fulfill tasks According to this study, the most confident teams had a slight majority of women (60%) Research also shows that the more women there are in senior management, particularly within organizations that are focused on innovation, the better the organizations perform

The agricultural sector is currently not enjoying the benefits that higher levels of female engagement in research would bring While women make up more than 40% of the workforce in countries where agriculture is a key contributor to GDP, they do not enjoy the same level of access to training, agricultural inputs and land as men do

There is also a disproportionately low number of women working in senior scientific and managerial positions This gender gap is most visible in the staffing of agricultural research and extension organizations As a result, policy and investment priorities may not  be  fully  effective because they do not completely incorporate gender perspectives Given women's role in agricultural production and consumption, potential benefits are being lost when they are needed most

This is why it is important to invest more in building capacities of women scientists working in the agricultural research and development sector, especially in countries where food security is more vulnerable to climate change Two programs to this effect that merit special mention are the African Women in Agricultural Research and Development (AWARD) and the Young Arab Women Scientists Leadership (Tamkeen) program in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East and North Africa respectively Both focus on empowering women in science through tailored fellowships and will be discussed in more detail in the presentation

別タイトル 世界の食料安全保障のために、何故さらなる女性研究者の力が必要なのか
作成者 Ismahane Elouafi
著者キーワード Women scientists food security climate change agricultural research and development
公開者 Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
国立情報学研究所メタデータ主題語彙集(資源タイプ) Conference Paper
開始ページ 11
終了ページ 18