The study was conducted to determine the possibility of interpretating images for investigations of vegetation and landuse. Remotely sensed data in Syria acquired by LANDSAT Satellite and by a balloon aerial photography system, were analyzed and color-composed by image processing. Vegetation maps which were constructed from large-scale aerial photographs and verified against LANDSAT images, indicated detailed species distribution and boundaries. A balloon photo-system was used at Maraga, 120km southwest of Aleppo, on natural rangelands and improved ones by the planting of saltbushes. As a result, it was found that image interpretation was an effective method for surveying the range vegetation not only in a small-scale area but also in a large-scale test field.