Monitoring Electrical Conductivity and Nitrate Concentrations in an Andisol Field Using Time Domain Reflectometry

JARQ : Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly
ISSN 00213551
書誌レコードID(総合目録DB) AA0068709X

To establish sustainable agricultural practices, monitoring soil water and solute distributions in actual field conditions is important. Because the estimation of electrical conductivity (EC) using time domain reflectometry (TDR) is considered to be affected by Andisols because of their unique dielectric properties, in this study, we investigate the potential for the continuous monitoring of EC and nitrate concentrations using TDR in an Andisol field. The study was performed from December 2007 to August 2008. To estimate soil solution EC (ECw), the relationship among ECw, apparent EC (ECa) and volumetric water content (θ) for an Andisol was investigated, and three models (Rhoades model, Extended Rhoades model and Hilhorst model) were applied to describe this relationship. The Rhoades model was found to be reasonably accurate in describing the ECw-ECa-θ relationship, while the Hilhorst model showed reasonable agreement with the experimental data. In the field experiment, ECw values estimated using TDR with the Rhoades model correlated with those obtained from solution samples and a linear regression between ECw and soil nitrate concentrations was obtained from the field experimental data. The use of this regression with ECw estimated from TDR measurements, together with the Rhoades model, is considered a useful tool for the continuous monitoring of soil nitrate concentrations in Andisol fields under transient conditions.

作成者 MIYAMOTO Teruhito KAMEYAMA Koji IWATA Yukiyoshi

soil physics

solute transport

公開者 Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
国立情報学研究所メタデータ主題語彙集(資源タイプ) Journal Article
開始ページ 261
終了ページ 267
DOI 10.6090/jarq.49.261
権利 Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
言語 eng