Ecophysiological Analysis on Effect of Planting Pattern on Biomass Production and Grain Yield in Rice
Increasing the biomass productivity of rice is a critical research target for improving the yield potential. This paper reviews ecophysiological studies on biomass production as affected by agronomic techniques and cultivars. In addition, we examined the effects of the planting pattern on the biomass production using cv. Takanari, a high-yielding and lodging resistant cultivar. The results showed that greater biomass production and grain yield were observed in plants with the combination of one plant per hill, high hill density and square hill arrangement. The factors responsible for high biomass production in this combination are; (1) vigorous tiller increase at the tillering stage resulting in higher capture of solar radiation, (2) erect leaves in the canopy after the panicle formation stage resulting in an improved light-intercepting character or smaller extinction coefficient, and (3) larger nitrogen accumulation during the ripening period resulting in a smaller decline of photosynthesis as well as a smaller midday and afternoon depression of photosynthesis possibly related to the larger water uptake ability of roots owing to better root-system development. Our results implied that an improvement in biomass production and yield is possible by optimizing the planting pattern and nitrogen management using high-yielding and lodging resistant cultivars in transplanted and direct-sown rice.
|作成者||SAN-OH YumikoKONDO MotohikoOOKAWA TaiichiroHIRASAWA Tadashi|
light extinction coefficient
|公開者||Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences|
|権利||Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences|