Monitoring of Radon-222 Concentration in Surface Waters of the Ban Phai Subwatershed Northeast Thailand Using a Method to Concentrate Radon by Air-circulation
Radon-222 (222Rn) concentration in surface water is a useful indicator for groundwater seepage. However, the natural concentration of 222Rn in surface water is too low to measure. It is therefore necessary to concentrate 222Rn content in water samples before analysis. This is a difficult operation requiring specialized equipment. We developed a method of measurement of 222Rn concentration in surface water (a method to concentrate radon by air-circulation) and applied it to detect groundwater seepage in the Ban Phai subwatershed, northeast Thailand. We also measured electric conductivity to determine whether dissolved ions in water were brought by groundwater. In areas of high-elevation (>180 m above sea level), 222Rn concentration in surface water was low, indicating that the velocity of subsurface water flow was slow even in the rainy season. This result supported a flow velocity previously calculated from the permeability of surface soil and the hydraulic gradient. Our measurements of 222Rn concentrations revealed that groundwater can be obtained by digging to a depth of about 1 m in the river bed in some areas. In areas of low-elevation (<160 m above sea level), electric conductivity increased markedly in the dry season. This was attributed to evaporation, rather than the effect of groundwater seepage, because the 222Rn concentration was low, suggesting little influence of groundwater.
|作成者||HAMADA HiromasaSUKCHAN Somsak|
|公開者||Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences|
|権利||Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences|