国立研究開発法人 国際農林水産業研究センター | JIRCAS

Comparative Study on Energy and Nitrogen Metabolism of Brahman Cattle and Sheep Given Ruzi Grass Hay with Different Levels of Soybean Meal

JARQ : Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly
ISSN
00213551
書誌レコードID(総合目録DB)
AA0068709X
本文フルテキスト

Metabolism trials were conducted on six wethers and four Brahman steers given Ruzi grass hay with different levels of soybean meal in order to compare the effects of protein levels on energy and nitrogen balances, and fiber digestion between the two animal species. Crude protein (CP) contents in four dietary treatments were 3.4%, 6.9%, 10.4%, and 13.9% with the different levels of soybean meal supplement. Digestibilities of crude fiber, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber were greatly improved in sheep by the supplement of soybean meal until the CP content in the whole ration reached 10%. The difference was more than 10 units in each fiber fraction. While in cattle, fiber fraction digestibilities in the animals given Ruzi grass hay without soybean meal supplement were relatively high. The values were then improved by the smallest amount of supplement (6.9% CP). Beyond this level, there was no effect of the supplement. Although digestibility of CP was lower in sheep when no protein supplement was given, it was higher in sheep when high protein diets were given (10.4 and 13.9% CP). The total digestible nutrient and digestible energy contents well represented overall features of the differences in nutrient digestibilities between sheep and cattle. With lower levels of soybean meal supplement, these values were lower in sheep than in cattle. While, with higher levels of the supplement, there was no difference in the values between the animals. Sheep are often studied as a model animal for cattle in order to examine nutritive value of feed resources. It was suggested in the design of feeding trials using sheep, that CP content of whole ration, in which a target feed resource is included, should be more than 10%.

刊行年月2007-07-01
作成者KAWASHIMA TomoyukiSUMAMAL WitthayaPHOLSEN PimpapornCHAITHIANG RamphraiTERADA Fuminori
著者キーワード

fiber digestion

protein supplement

公開者Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
データ作成日2007-07-01
国立情報学研究所メタデータ主題語彙集(資源タイプ)Journal Article
41
3
開始ページ253
終了ページ260
DOI10.6090/jarq.41.253
権利Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
言語eng