Claviceps sorghicola and C. africana, the Ergot Pathogens of Sorghum, and their Cultural Control in Japan

JARQ : Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly
ISSN 00213551
書誌レコードID(総合目録DB) AA0068709X
35-04-02.pdf892.63 KB

Ergot pathogens of sorghum occurring in Japan were identified as Claviceps sorghicola and C. africana. C. sorghicola is the original fungus and it differs from the other Claviceps species infecting Sorghum in the color and texture of the sclerotia, morphology of stromata with clavicipitaceous stipes and capitula and the size of ascospores and conidia. It is predominant and widely distributed in Japan. C. africana is a pathogen with worldwide distribution which occurs mainly in the southern part of Japan. Host ranges of these fungi were restricted only to the genus Sorghum, based on the results of inoculation tests. Field tests showed that the method applied to sow the resistant sorghum lines at an earlier time was effective to avoid or control the occurrence of the ergot.

作成者 Takao TSUKIBOSHI Tadayuki SHIMANUKI Hironori KOGA



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公開者 Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
国立情報学研究所メタデータ主題語彙集(資源タイプ) Journal Article
開始ページ 221
終了ページ 226
DOI 10.6090/jarq.35.221
権利 Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
言語 eng