The preferred habitats of the round scad Decapterus maruadsi and five other scads (amberstripe scad D. muroadsi, mackerel scad D. macarellus, red scad D. akaadsi, roughear scad D. tabl, and shortfin scad D. macrosoma) in the East China Sea (ECS) and the Sea of Japan were examined based on catch records of Japanese large- and medium-type purse seine fisheries from 1993 to 2020. Delta-lognormal generalized additive models indicated that the habitats of the round scad and the other five scads were clearly segregated. A high round scad catch per unit effort (CPUE) was observed in the southwestern ECS on the continental shelf and coastal waters around Kyusyu, whereas for the other five scads, a high CPUE was observed around the shelf break and Kuroshio area. The standardized annual CPUEs of the scads decreased after 2010. Based on the proportion of round scad to all six scads calculated by spatial standardized CPUEs for each fishery grid, the total catch amount of round and the other five scads including coastal fisheries was approximately 2,071-13,382 tons and 3,496-24,617 tons, respectively. These estimates are important for scad stock assessment and developing effective management strategies.