Technology Development for Stable Agricultural Production under Adverse Environments and Changing Climate Conditions
JARQ : Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly
The second of the United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development Goals aims to end hunger, achieve food security and improve nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture. However, it is well known that the agricultural potential in developing regions including Africa has not been fully realized because adverse environments and changing climate conditions impose abiotic (e.g., low soil fertility, droughts) and biotic (e.g., pests, diseases) stresses on plant growth and development. To ensure food and nutrition security in such regions, the Environmental Stress-tolerant Crops project, the High-yielding Biomass Crops project and the Pest and Disease Control project in the Program for Stable Agricultural Production at the Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences aimed to develop technologies and crops with high productivity and adaptability to adverse environments and changing climate conditions. In order to develop crops with environmental stress tolerance and disease resistance, we have clarified and are using the genes and loci involved in these traits toward the development of breeding materials. And in order to develop technology for effectively controlling transboundary pests, we have elucidated the ecology of their occurrence and are developing pest management technology based on that information. We hope that these materials and technologies will contribute to achieving food and nutrition security in developing regions.
|作成者||Kazuo NAKASHIMA Takeshi URAO Donghe XU Shotaro ANDO Masayasu KATO|
|著者キーワード||biomass breeding rice soybean sugarcane|
|公開者||Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences|