Optimization Process of Plant Growth Environment for Improving Content Compounds Using Physiological and Genetic Information in a Closed-type Plant Factory

JARQ : Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly
ISSN 00213551
書誌レコードID(総合目録DB) AA0068709X
A closed-type plant factory (plant factory) can control growth environments in confined spaces with artificial lights and hydroponic systems. The growth environment of a plant factory can be modulated without having to consider the natural climate, so that high value plants rich in useful compounds or low in toxic compounds can be uniformly and consistently produced. However, the process of optimizing growth condition settings to increase or decrease the target compounds tends to be complicated, given the various control parameters in a plant factory. An efficient optimization process for producing high value plants was shown using physiological and genetic information in the case of Stevia rebaudiana (stevia). This case study was conducted to determine the optimal conditions for producing stevia rich in sweet steviol glycosides (SGs) compounds. All environmental condition settings were selected based on previous studies relating to the biosynthesis of such SGs as stevioside (Stev) or rebaudioside-A (Reb-A). A yield evaluation of Stev and Reb-A was conducted based on the transcription levels of SGs-related genes. The process of producing SGs-rich stevia provides an example of an efficient optimization process for producing high value plants with increased or decreased target compounds in a plant factory system.
作成者 Yuki YONEDA
著者キーワード control light environment high value plants stevia sweetening
公開者 Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
受付日 2020-05-11
受理日 2020-11-03
開始ページ 201
終了ページ 208
DOI https://doi.org/10.6090/jarq.55.201
言語 eng