The Farm-type TMR Center as a Regional Farming System in Hokkaido

JARQ : Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly
ISSN 00213551
書誌レコードID(総合目録DB) AA0068709X

This paper derives the issues of further research on the farm-type TMR center (i.e., regional farming system) through a literature review. I categorized studies on the farm-type TMR center into the following three types: (1) the farm-type TMR center system, (2) its management, and (3) its impact on members. I organized the trends of those studies by type, further clarified the issues of each type, and presented other research topics by comparing the farm-type TMR center with the similar notion of community-based farming (CBF). The results were as follows: First, researchers did not necessarily have a common understanding of the farm-type TMR center system. Thus, a unified view was necessary. Secondly, funding and labor problems are two management issues of the farm-type TMR center. In particular, the labor problem issues entail a serious situation. Thirdly, early studies showed a positive impact of the farm-type TMR center on its members, whereas recent studies have shown a negative impact. Finally, a comparison with the CBF study showed that the organizational base of the “local group type” of farm-type TMR center was similar to that of CBF, and that the “local group type” could possibly become an entity of community development.

作成者 Makoto HIMI
著者キーワード dairy farming farm system agriculture Hokkaido
公開者 Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
受付日 2019-11-22
受理日 2020-03-09
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 4
DOI 10.6090/jarq.55.1
言語 eng