Priorities and Constraints of Postharvest Technologies in Vietnam

JIRCAS international symposium series
ISSN 13406108
書誌レコードID(総合目録DB) AA1100908X
This paper presents the characteristics of grain production and the fruit situation in Vietnam as follows: dispersed and small-scale operations, postharvest loss still high (up to.15% in the dry season, 20% in the rainy season for grain, and around 25% for fruits and vegetables). On the basis of the analysis of the current conditions of postharvest technology and losses, the paper stresses the constraints and priorities of postharvest technology in Vietnam, for example, silo has been used for storage successfully in many countries but in Vietnam it is necessary to solve some problems relating to technology and management so as to extend the effectiveness of the preservation of grain by silo.
Vietnam is one of the three leading rice exporters in the world. As for rice milling, two systems operate concurrently : Japanese type and conventional one, in which the latter can be used for processing rice at a moisture content of 16± 17%. Although the quality of exported rice increases continuously, rice must be refined after purchase from the small private rice milling factories. Rice refining is a distinctive aspect of Vietnam's rice processing industry for export, to cope with present difficulties. Coffee beans and aquaculture have a potential for high export turnover. However, the technology and equipment should be further improved.
The author also indicates the need for increasing the quality of agro-products and sea products in Vietnam which requires not only the modernization of equipment, introduction of new and adequate technologies, but also good planning and appropriate policies.
作成者 Le Van To
公開者 Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 8
言語 eng