Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences | JIRCAS


Myanmar (Burmese pronunciation: [mjəmà]), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in South East Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand. One-third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 1,930 km (1,200 miles) forms an uninterrupted coastline along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census revealed a much lower population than expected, with 51 million people recorded. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres (261,227 sq mi) in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw and its largest city is Yangon (Rangoon). Early civilisations in Myanmar included the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu city-states in Upper Burma and the Mon kingdoms in Lower Burma. In the 9th century, the Bamar people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the Burmese language, culture and Theravada Buddhism slowly became dominant in the country. The Pagan Kingdom fell due to the Mongol invasions and several warring states emerged. In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo Dynasty, the country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia. The early 19th century Konbaung Dynasty ruled over an area that included modern Myanmar and briefly controlled Manipur and Assam as well. The British conquered Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century and the country became a British colony. Myanmar became an independent nation in 1948, initially as a democratic nation and then, following a coup d'état in 1962, a military dictatorship. For most of its independent years, the country has been engrossed in rampant ethnic strife and Burma's myriad ethnic groups have been involved in one of the world's longest-running ongoing civil wars. During this time, the United Nations and several other organisations have reported consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country. In 2011, the military junta was officially dissolved following a 2010 general election, and a nominally civilian government was installed. While former military leaders still wield enormous power in the country, the Burmese military have taken steps toward relinquishing control of the government. This, along with the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and political prisoners, has improved the country's human rights record and foreign relations, and has led to the easing of trade and other economic sanctions. There is, however, continuing criticism of the government's treatment of the Muslim Rohingya minority and its poor response to the religious clashes. In the landmark 2015 election, Aung San Suu Kyi's party won a majority in both houses. Myanmar is a country rich in jade and gems, oil, natural gas and other mineral resources. In 2013, its GDP (nominal) stood at US$56.7 billion and its GDP (PPP) at US$221.5 billion. The income gap in Myanmar is among the widest in the world, as a large proportion of the economy is controlled by supporters of the former military government. As of 2013, according to the Human Development Index (HDI), Myanmar had a low level of human development, ranking 150 out of 187 countries. (DBpediaより引用)

Business Trip Reports - Myanmar

報告書番号 Trip Year and Month Country Purpose 関連プログラム
H30-0229 2018-09-2018-10 Myanmar ミャンマーにおける貝類漁場調査 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0285 2018-10-2018-11 Myanmar, Philippines ミャンマーにおける環境調和型養殖技術開発に関わる打合せ及びフィリピンにおける複合養殖技術実証試験の進捗管理 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0217 2018-09-2018-09 Myanmar ポストモンスーン期における圃場消費水量調査の実施 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0233 2018-09-2018-10 Myanmar モンスーンライス期普通期における灌漑地区水利用観測及び内水氾濫にかかる諸元調査 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0162 2018-08-2018-08 Myanmar, Philippines ミャンマーにおける環境調和型養殖技術開発に関わる現場調査並びに打合せ及びフィリピンにおける複合養殖技術実証試験の進捗管理 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0190 2018-09-2018-09 Myanmar 気候変動対応プロに係る専門的見地からの現地調査及び研究指導 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0123 2018-07-2018-07 Ghana, Myanmar アフリカ食料プロ並びに気候変動対応プロに係る現地調査研究及び打合せ Stable Agricultural Production, Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0152 2018-07-2018-07 Myanmar 気候変動対応適応策課題プロジェクトサイト(ラブッタ地区)進捗状況の確認と現地環境把握 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0153 2018-07-2018-08 Myanmar カウンターパート機関への過年度調査結果報告、作物保険導入予定対象村周辺のイネ葉緑素量測定 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0099 2018-07-2018-07 Myanmar モンスーンライス期初期における灌漑地区水利用観測 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0127 2018-07-2018-07 Myanmar 作期ごとの高潮による稲作被害に関する情報収集と研究打合せ Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0043 2018-05-2018-06 Philippines, Myanmar フィリピンにおける複合養殖技術実証試験及びミャンマーにおけるカキ養殖環境調査に関する研究打合せ Value-adding Technologies
H30-0049 2018-05-2018-06 Laos, Thailand, Myanmar ラオス、タイ及びミャンマーにおける共同研究の推進に係る調整 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0050 2018-05-2018-06 Myanmar, Malaysia ミャンマー、マレーシアにおける貝類漁場調査 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0048 2018-05-2018-06 Laos, Myanmar JIRCAS-NAFRI-NUOL共同研究年次会合への出席、ラオスHRCとの研究打合せ、ラオス現地試験調査及び増殖法試験並びにミャンマーVFRDCとの研究打合せ Value-adding Technologies, Information Analysis
H30-0085 2018-06-2018-06 Myanmar 乾季水稲作及び畑作における圃場消費水量調査の実施 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0511 2018-03-2018-03 Ghana, Myanmar アフリカ食料プロ並びに気候変動対応プロに係る現地調査研究及び打合せ Stable Agricultural Production, Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0018 2018-05-2018-05 Myanmar 気候変動対応プロに係る現地調査 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0459 2018-02-2018-03 Myanmar サマーライス期における灌漑地区水利用観測及び2017年洪水実態調査 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0486 2018-03-2018-03 Myanmar 作物保険導入予定対象村周辺の土壌および河川塩分濃度測定、過年度の土壌塩分データ収集 Environment and Natural Resource Management