Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences | JIRCAS

Laos

Laos, (/ˈlɑːoʊs/, /ˈlaʊs/, /ˈlɑːɒs/, or /ˈleɪɒs/; Lao: ລາວ, Lāo) officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic, (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao) or commonly referred to its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao) is a landlocked country in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of Mainland Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the south, and Thailand to the west. Present day Laos traces its historic and cultural identity to the kingdom of Lan Xang Hom Khao (Kingdom of a Million Elephants Under the White Parasol), which existed for four centuries as one of the largest kingdoms in Southeast Asia. Due to Lan Xang's central geographical location in Southeast Asia, the kingdom was able to become a popular hub for overland trade, becoming wealthy economically as well as culturally. After a period of internal conflict, Lan Xang broke off into three separate kingdoms— Luang Phabang, Vientiane and Champasak. In 1893, it became a French protectorate, with the three territories uniting to form what is now known as Laos. It briefly gained independence in 1945 after Japanese occupation, but returned to French rule until it was granted autonomy in 1949. Laos became independent in 1953, with a constitutional monarchy under Sisavang Vong. Shortly after independence, a long civil war ended the monarchy, when the Communist Pathet Lao movement came to power in 1975. Laos is a one-party socialist republic. It espouses Marxism and is governed by a single party communist politburo dominated by military generals. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Vietnam People's Army continue to have significant influence in Laos. The capital city is Vientiane. Other large cities include Luang Prabang, Savannakhet, and Pakse. The official language is Lao. Laos is a multi-ethnic country with the politically and culturally dominant Lao people making up approximately 60 percent of the population, mostly in the lowlands. Mon-Khmer groups, the Hmong, and other indigenous hill tribes, accounting for 40 percent of the population, live in the foothills and mountains. Laos' ambitious strategies for development are based on generating electricity from its rivers and selling the power to its neighbors, namely Thailand, China, and Vietnam, as well as its initiative to become a 'land-linked' nation, shown by the planning of four new railways connecting Laos to those same countries. This, along with growth of the mining sector, Laos has been referred to as one of East Asia and Pacific's fastest growing economies by the World Bank, with annual GDP growth averaging 7% for the past decade. It is a member of the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA), Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), East Asia Summit and La Francophonie. Laos applied for membership of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1997; on 2 February 2013, it was granted full membership. According to the anti-corruption non-governmental organisation Transparency International, Laos remains one of the most corrupt countries in the world. This has deterred foreign investment and created major problems with the rule of law, including the nation's ability to enforce contract and business regulation. This has contributed to a third of the population of Laos currently living below the international poverty line (living on less than US$1.25 per day). Laos has a low-income economy, with one of the lowest annual incomes in the world. In 2014, the country ranked 141st on the Human Development Index (HDI), indicating lower medium development. According to the Global Hunger Index (2015), Laos ranks as the 29th hungriest nation in the world out of the list of the 52 nations with the worst hunger situation(s). Laos has also had a poor human rights record. (DBpediaより引用)

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Business Trip Reports - Laos

報告書番号 Trip Year and Month Country Purpose 関連プログラム
H30-0213 2018-10-2018-10 Laos 土壌侵食強度測定及び毎木調査 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0235 2018-09-2018-09 Laos ラオス在来テナガエビの孵化幼生の育成条件に関する実験及びデータの収集 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0174 2018-08-2018-09 Laos 1.NTFP資源図に作成に資する現地調査、NTFPデータベース化作業、関係機関打合せ 、2.薪炭林幹材積表等作成のためのデータ収集 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0206 2018-09-2018-10 Laos 1.ビエンチャン県・サバナケット県の品種評価試験、ARCのポット試験での出穂調査及び収穫作業準備とコメの成分分析の準備、 2.ラオス北部のコメ市場調査に関する研究打合せ及びコメサンプルの画像診断体制の構築 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0210 2018-09-2018-10 Laos 1.センシング情報を用いたコメの生育診断と収量予測にかかるドローン空撮及び地上分光計測、2.コメの画像診断体制の構築と消費者動向調査にかかる打合せ Value-adding Technologies
H30-0216 2018-09-2018-10 Laos 貯水池水位・表面水流出、気象等の観測データ回収、田面水位観測、収量調査区の土壌採取、ポット試験の経過確認 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0218 2018-09-2018-10 Laos, Thailand 1.〔フードバリューチェーン〕 ・地域食料資源品質評価技術の開発及びカセサート大学食品研究所50周年記念国際セミナー「健康のための未来の食品」等への参加 ・伝統発酵食品の保存性・風味に係る特徴的成分、微生物に関する調査、 2.〔農山村資源活用〕 ・ラオス淡水魚発酵調味料の保存性に係る成分分析 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0269 2018-10-2018-10 Laos 「バイオ新領域を拓く熱帯性環境微生物の国際研究拠点形成事業」第5回サテライトセミナーにおける研究成果発表及び情報収集 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0179 2018-08-2018-09 Laos 1.フードバリューチェーン:魚発酵食品バリューチェーンの付加価値調査、2. 農山村資源活用:食事調査のデータ収集と分析、農家世帯調査打合せ Value-adding Technologies
H30-0224 2018-09-2018-09 Laos サバナケット県で実施中の水田・溜池養魚試験のモニタリング、プロジェクト管理業務 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0163 2018-08-2018-08 Laos ラオス在来テナガエビの孵化幼生の育成条件に関する実験及びデータの収集 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0139 2018-07-2018-08 Laos ラオスHRCとの研究打合せ、ラオス現地試験調査及び増殖法試験 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0051 2018-05-2018-06 Thailand, Laos 地域食料資源品質評価技術の開発及びラオスとの共同研究推進に関する会議参加 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0131 2018-07-2018-08 Laos サバナケット県における水田養魚・溜め池養魚試験の実施、モニタリング、プロジェクト管理業務 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0119 2018-06-2018-07 Laos ラオス在来テナガエビの孵化幼生の育成条件に関する実験及びデータの収集 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0022 2018-05-2018-07 Laos ラオス北部堆積岩山地の中標高域における詳細土壌調査、土壌侵食強度測定プロットの設置、プロジェクト年次会合 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0122 2018-07-2018-07 Laos 貯水池水位・表面水流出、気象等の観測データ回収、田面水位観測の開始、収量調査区の設置、水稲ポット試験の準備及び開始 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0045 2018-05-2018-06 Laos 1.フードバリューチェーン:魚発酵食品バリューチェーンの付加価値調査、2.農山村資源活用:食事調査のデータ収集と分析 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0049 2018-05-2018-06 Laos, Thailand, Myanmar ラオス、タイ及びミャンマーにおける共同研究の推進に係る調整 Value-adding Technologies
H30-0052 2018-05-2018-06 Laos, Thailand 1.〔フードバリューチェーン〕JIRCAS-NAFRI-NUOL共同研究年次会合での研究成果報告、伝統発酵食品の保存性・風味に係る特徴的成分、微生物に関する調査、2.〔農山村資源活用〕ラオス淡水魚発酵調味料の保存性に係る成分分析及び情報収集 Value-adding Technologies
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