The Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS) was established in October 1993, with the reorganization of its predecessor, the Tropical Agriculture Research Center (TARC).

 A new five-year period of the medium to long-term target, as mandated by the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Government of Japan, started in April 2021. The Fifth Medium to Long-term Target of the Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS), a National Research and Development Agency, specifies the overall goals and vision in the implementation of research activities, and upholds the mission of JIRCAS stated as follows: “As a research institution representing Japan in the field of international agriculture, forestry and fisheries, JIRCAS aims to enhance agriculture, forestry and fisheries technology in the world including Japan and to contribute to the advancement of sustainable agriculture, forestry and fisheries, towards the accomplishment of the government policy on the Basic Plan for Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas.” To achieve this noble mission, the following tasks will be prioritized in order to contribute in solving global food and environmental issues.