Mexico

Mexico (Spanish: México, pronounced: [ˈme.xi.ko] ), officially the United Mexican States (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos, ), is a country in the southern half of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost two million square kilometers (over 760,000 sq mi), Mexico is the sixth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent nation in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million, it is the eleventh most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world while being the second most populous country in Latin America. Mexico is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District, its capital and largest city. Pre-Columbian Mexico was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations, such as the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya and Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, which was administered as the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Three centuries later, this territory became Mexico following recognition in 1821 after the colony's Mexican War of Independence. The tumultuous post-independence period was characterized by economic instability and many political changes. The Mexican–American War (1846–48) led to the territorial cession of the extensive northern borderlands, one-third of its territory, to the United States. The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires and a domestic dictatorship occurred through the 19th century. The dictatorship was overthrown in the Mexican Revolution of 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system. Mexico has the fifteenth largest nominal GDP and the eleventh largest by purchasing power parity. The Mexican economy is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, especially the United States. Mexico was the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), joining in 1994. It is classified as an upper-middle income country by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country by several analysts. By 2050, Mexico could become the world's fifth or seventh largest economy. The country is considered both a regional power and middle power, and is often identified as an emerging global power. Due to its rich culture and history, Mexico ranks first in the Americas and sixth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. In 2015 it was the 9th most visited country in the world, with 32.1 million international arrivals. Mexico is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G8+5, the G20, the Uniting for Consensus and is an observer of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie since 2014.

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JIRCAS Report

Senior Researcher Yamanaka of the Biological Resources and Post-harvest Division is Among the World’s Top 10 Soybean Rust Researchers

Dr. YAMANAKA Naoki, Senior Researcher in the Biological Resources and Post-harvest Division, was recognized one of the 10 major authors in soybean rust research as reported in a review article on scientometic approach to soybean rust published in the latest issue of Euphytica, an international journal on plant breeding.

President Iwanaga attends 2nd CGIAR System Council Meeting

On 25-26 September 2016, the 2nd CGIAR* System Council Meeting was held in Mexico City, with JIRCAS President Dr. Masa Iwanaga attending as a representative of the Japanese government, together with officers from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Agriculture, Fishery and Forestry of Japan.

Publication

広報JIRCAS (7)

国立研究開発法人国際農林水産業研究センター, 広報JIRCAS. 7 ( )

jircas7-_-.pdf4.33 MB

Technical Reference for Effective Groundwater Development

Japan Green Resources Agency, 緑資源機構マニュアル. ( )

green-_-.pdf4.75 MB

地下水有効開発技術マニュアル

独立行政法人 緑資源機構, 緑資源機構マニュアル. ( )

green-_-.pdf6.35 MB

熱帯農業地域における国別研究問題とその背景 : 第2部

大野芳和, 石原修二, 濱村邦夫, 尾和尚人, 池田俊彌, 宮重俊一, 岡三徳, 国際農林水産業研究センター研究資料. 4 , 1- 161 ( )

researchdoc4-_1-161.pdf28.6 MB