Burkina Faso (/bərˈkiːnə ˌfɑːsoʊ/ bər-KEE-nə FAH-soh; French: [buʁkina faso]) is a landlocked country in West Africa around 274,200 square kilometres (105,900 sq mi) in size. It is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; Togo and Ghana to the south; and Ivory Coast to the southwest. Its capital is Ouagadougou. In 2014, its population was estimated at just over 17.3 million. Burkina Faso is a francophone country and French is an official language of government and business. Formerly called the Republic of Upper Volta, the country was renamed "Burkina Faso" on 4 August 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara. Residents of Burkina Faso are known as Burkinabé (/bərˈkiːnəbeɪ/ bər-KEE-nə-bay). Before the conquest of what is now Burkina Faso by the French and other colonial powers during the late 19th century the country was ruled by various ethnic groups including the Mossi kingdoms. After gaining independence from France in 1960, the country underwent many governmental changes. Blaise Compaoré was the most recent president and ruled the country from 1987 until he was ousted from power by the popular youth upheaval of 31 October 2014. This resulted in a semi-presidential republic which lasted from October 2014 to September 2015. On 17 September 2015 the provisional government was in turn toppled by an apparent military coup d'état carried out by the Regiment of Presidential Security. On 24 September 2015, after pressure from the African Union, ECOWAS, and the armed forces, the military junta agreed to step down, and Michel Kafando was reinstated as Acting President.(DBpediaより引用)
Certificate of Appreciation from the Director of Burkina Faso’s National Institute of Science and Technology
The Director of Burkina Faso’s National Institute of Science and Technology (CNSRT) presented a certificate of appreciation to Dr. NAGUMO Fujio, Director of Crop, Livestock and Environment Division, in recognition of the joint research projects of JIRCAS that contribute to research in science and technology and human resource development in the country.
In commemoration of the establishment of a demonstration plant for fertilizer production using phosphate rock, a handover ceremony was held at the Institute of Environment and Agriculture Research (INERA) in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso on October 24, 2019.
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10. New Coronavirus Pandemic ― Humanitarian and Food Crisis in the Central Sahel: The Case of Burkina Faso
On April 2, 2020, the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) expressed strong concern that food insecurity levels in the central Sahel region, encompassing Burkina Faso, Mari and Niger, are “spiralling out of control”. Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries, the 182nd out of 189 countries in the Human Development Index, but due to recent droughts and militant activities, the number of internally displaced persons has increased sharply, health centers nationwide have been closed, and the medical system is weakening. As for food-related issues, there is concern that school closure due to the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) will affect children whose only source of nutrition is the school lunch, and movement restrictions would disrupt logistics and prevent external assistance. WFP predicted that by June this year, the number of people facing food security crises could triple, compared to the same period last year, and called on the international community for help.
- Liaison Office
Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, JIRCAS Newsletter89
国立研究開発法人国際農林水産業研究センター, JIRCAS News89
国立研究開発法人 国際農林水産業研究センター, 広報JIRCAS5
国立研究開発法人国際農林水産業研究センター, JIRCAS News87
Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, JIRCAS Newsletter87
Ougadougou, Burkina Faso
- Assessing nanoparticulate lime and phosphate rock and increasing their efficiency as a liming agent and phosphorus source, respectively(2019)
- Solubility improvement of African low-grade phosphate rock through calcination with potassium carbonate(2019)
- Ground-penetrating radar can predict the soil depth at which the petroplinthic horizon starts in the Sudan Savanna, West Africa(2018)
- Conservation agriculture without intercropping component can adequately control water erosion in the Sudan Savanna, West Africa(2018)