Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences | JIRCAS

サトウキビ白葉病の主要な媒介虫に対し高い効果を示す殺虫剤

Description

Sugarcane white leaf (SCWL) disease is an insect-borne disease that severely affects sugarcane production in Southeast Asia, especially in Thailand. The pathogen is phytoplasma. Effective treatments against SCWL disease have not been developed yet, thus an integrated pest management system based on healthy seed cane production by meristem culture is being considered. However, SCWL disease has been spreading to healthy seed cane propagation fields due to transmission by the SCWL disease vector insect, Matsumuratettix hiroglyphicus, among others. Therefore, we screened insecticides and determined those that have shown high efficacy against M. hiroglyphicus, with the aim of developing an infection risk reduction technique targeting the insect vectors at healthy seed cane propagation fields.

Seven commercial insecticides from among registered insecticides in Thailand were applied on 2-month-old, healthy potted sugarcane plants in a greenhouse (Fig. 1a). Results showed that three of them (i.e., lambda-cyhalothrin 2.5% emulsifiable concentrate, thiamethoxam 25% water dispersible granule, and dinotefuran 1% granule) had long-term residual effects on the mortality of M. hiroglyphicus (Table 1). These three selected insecticides from the greenhouse condition test were applied on sugarcane fields (Fig. 1b), and the residual periods were evaluated using a small leaf cage (Fig. 1c). Data revealed that dinotefuran resulted in high mortality and that it had the longest-lasting residual effect among the three pesticides (Table 2). The impacts of the three insecticides on two natural enemies of sugarcane stem borers, Cotesia flavipes (Cameron) (larval parasitoid) and Trichogramma confusum Viggiani (egg parasitoid), were also evaluated, with the results of the experiments indicating that dinotefuran had no negative effects on the two natural enemies of M. hiroglyphicus (Table 3). From these results, we found that dinotefuran showed high efficacy against M. hiroglyphicus and that the impact to the natural enemies was not significant. Thus, this pesticide may be used toward developing techniques to reduce the risk of SCWL disease invasion by insect vectors on healthy seed cane at propagation fields.

   Planting of healthy seed cane and managing the risks of invasion by insect vectors are essential to producing healthy seed cane at the propagation fields. The findings of this study contribute to the latter factor. To develop an appropriate chemical management technique, we need to understand the residual period of dinotefuran in each growth stage of sugarcane, and analyze the population dynamics and abundance estimation of M. hiroglyphicus. Moreover, the registration requirements must first be complied with before using dinotefuran for commercial application and treatment of sugarcane fields.

Figure, table

  1. Fig. 1. Greenhouse (indoor) and field (outdoor) testing methods.
    Fig. 1. Greenhouse (indoor) and field (outdoor) testing methods.
    a) The pot used for the greenhouse condition test. The insect vectors were kept in the cage.
    b) Sugarcane field for the field test. The plant height was about 160cm.
    c) The small leaf cage for the field test. The diameter was 20mm.
  2.   Table 1. Residual effect of pesticide treatments in M. hiroglyphicus mortality under laboratory condition          
        Mortality ± S.E. (%)          
      Chemical treatment 1 day after 7 days after 30 days after          
      Carbaryl 85% WP 100 ±0a 100 ±0a 0 ±0b          
      Carbosulfan 20% W/V EC 100 ±0a 100 ±0a 0 ±0b          
      Carbofuran 3% GR   0 ±0b 40.6±6.0b 0 ±0b          
      EPN 45% W/V EC 100 ±0a 100 ±0a 0 ±0b          
      Lambda-cyhalothrin 2.5% W/V EC 100 ±0a 78.1±6.0a   6.3±6.3b          
      Thiamethoxam 25% WG 100 ±0a 100 ±0a 87.5±5.1a          
      Dinotefuran 1% GR  93.8±6.3a 100 ±0a 100 ±0a          
      Distilled water   3.1±3.1b  0 ±0c 0±0b          
      The pesticides were applied on two-month-old potted plants and the insect vectors were released 1 day, 7 days and 30 days after the treatment.
      The numbers indicate the mortality rates 48 hours after pesticide treatment.          
      Values with different letters within columns indicate significant difference based on Tukey's honest significant difference test (P<0.05).
  3.   Table 2. Residual effect of selected pesticide treatments in M. hiroglyphicus mortality under field condition          
        Mortality ± S.E. (%)          
      Chemical treatment 1 day after 7 days after 30 days after 60 days after          
      Lambda-cyhalothrin 2.5% W/V EC 34.7±18.5b   4.0±2.3b 1.3± 1.3b 2.7± 1.3ab          
      Thiamethoxam 25% WG 100  ± 0a  98.6±1.3a 30.7±10.4a 9.3± 5.8ab          
      Dinotefuran 1% GR 98.7±1.3a 100  ±0a 98.7± 1.3a 49.3±13.1a          
      Distilled water 5.3±2.7b   1.3±1.3b 2.7± 2.7b 1.3± 1.3b          
      The pesticides were applied on 6- to 7-month-old plants and the insect vectors were released 1 day, 7 days, 30 days and 60 days after the treatment.
      The numbers indicate the mortality rates 48 hours after pesticide treatment.            
      Values with different letters within columns indicate significant difference based on Tukey's honest significant difference test (P<0.05).  
  4.   Table 3. Residual effect of the selected pesticides to C. flavipes and T. confusum    
        C. flavipes   T. confusum
        Mortality ± S.E. (%)   Mortality ± S.E. (%)
      Chemical treatment 1day after 7days after 30days after   1day after 7days after 30days after
      Lambda-cyhalothrin 2.5% W/V EC 79.0±6.4a 11.0±8.6a 5.0±1.6a   73.0±3.4b 20.5±3.0b 11.0±3.3a
      Thiamethoxam 25% WG 65.0±5.0a 8.0±2.0a 8.0±2.6a   98.0±2.0a 41.5±7.2a 12.0±3.7a
      Dinotefuran 1% GR 6.0±1.9b 4.0±1.9a 2.0±1.2a   17.0±3.7c 14.0±2.0b 5.0±2.2a
      Distilled water 1.0±1.0b 2.0±1.2a 0  ±0a   10.0±2.2c 9.5±2.2b 3.0±2.0a
      The pesticides were applied on five-month-old potted plants and the insects were released 1 day, 7 days and 30 days after the treatment.
      The numbers indicate the mortality rates 48 hours after pesticide treatment.        
      Values with different letters within columns indicate significant difference based on Tukey's honest significant difference test (P<0.05).
Affiliation

Tropical Agriculture Research Front, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences

Research project

“Pest and Disease Control” Development of technologies for the control of migratory plant pests and transboundary diseases

Program name

Stable Agricultural Production

Term of research

FY2017(2014~2018)

Responsible researcher

Kobori Youichi (Tropical Agriculture Research Front)

Ando Shotaro (Tropical Agriculture Research Front)

Hanboonsong Y. (Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University )

Publication, etc.

Hanboonsong Y and Kobori Y (2017) Sugar Tech, 19: 573–578 DOI: 10.1007/s12355-017-0516-8

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