Improved sugarcane cultivation in the subtropical islands of Japan using controlled-release N-fertilizers

Country
Japan

Description

[Objectives]

   Nitrate pollution in ground water has become a serious problem worldwide; one of its causes is known to be the excessive use of nitrogen fertilizers in agricultural production (Fig. 1). Using water containing nitratenitrogen concentrations above the standards of the World Health Organization's (WHO) (10 mg/L) leads to agricultural products becoming unsuitable for human consumption, particularly for infants ("blue baby disease"). Nitrate pollution has become much more serious in the past few years at Miyako Island, Okinawa Prefecture, where people are entirely dependent upon subsurface dam water, which is currently polluted with nitrate.
   To solve the nitrate-nitrogen pollution of subsurface dam water in Okinawa Prefecture, we applied controlledrelease N-fertilizer (LPS160) to sugarcane.

[Results]

   The trials showed that about 40% of nitrogen fertilizer usage could be cut down without causing reduction in expected sugar yield (Table 1). The weight of sugarcane stalks, Pol percent cane (sucrose content of juice) and expected sugar yield did not decrease in the LPS160 treatment (40% reduced nitrogen) compared to those of plants that underwent conventional fertilizer treatments.
   The apparent nitrogen absorption rates were estimated as 57.7% in conventional and 90.9% in LPS160 treatments (Fig. 2), and labeled 15N absorption rates were calculated as 22.4 and 38.8%, respectively. Judging from these results, it seems possible to reduce nitrate-nitrogen leaching to ground water by application of LPS160.

Figure, table

  1.  

    Fig. 1. Water movement in the field.
    Fig. 1. Water movement in the field.
  2. Table 1. Comparison of sugarcane yields between plants grown with conventional and LPS160 (40%-reduced nitrogen) treatments in spring planting.

    Table 1.
  3.  

    Fig. 2. Sources of nitrogen absorbed by sugarcane.
    Fig. 2. Sources of nitrogen absorbed by sugarcane.
Affiliation

Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences Okinawa Subtropical Station

Classification

Technical A

Term of research

FY2003 (FY1999-2002)

Responsible researcher

MASUDA Taizo ( Prefectural University of Hiroshima )

KATSUTA Yoshimitsu ( Okinawa Subtropical Station )

SUGAHARA Kazuo ( National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences )

SHIBANO Kazuo ( Okinawa Subtropical Station )

ほか
Publication, etc.

Masuda, T., Katsuta, Y., Hiramatsu, K. and Sugahara, K. (2002): Application of slow release fertilizer to sugarcane in spring planting. Abstracts of the Annual Meeting, Japanese Society of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 48,123 (in Japanese).

Japanese PDF

2003_29_A3_ja.pdf2.56 MB

English PDF

2003_29_A4_en.pdf46.98 KB