Uzbekistan (US /ʊzˈbɛkᵻˌstæn, -ˌstɑːn/, UK /ʊzˌbɛkᵻˈstɑːn, ʌz-, -ˈstæn/), officially the Republic of Uzbekistan (Uzbek: Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi, Ўзбекистон Республикаси), is a doubly landlocked country in Central Asia. It is a unitary, constitutional, presidential republic, comprising twelve provinces, one autonomous republic and a capital city. Uzbekistan is bordered by five countries, Kazakhstan to the north; Tajikistan to the southeast; Kyrgyzstan to the northeast; Afghanistan to the south; and Turkmenistan to the southwest. Once part of the Turkic Khaganate and later Timurid Empires, the region that today includes the Republic of Uzbekistan was conquered in the early 16th century by Eastern Turkic-speaking nomads. The area was gradually incorporated into the Russian Empire during the 19th century, and in 1924 what is now Uzbekistan became a bordered constituent republic of the Soviet Union, known as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR). Following the breakup of the Soviet Union, it declared independence as the Republic of Uzbekistan on 31 August 1991 (officially celebrated the following day). Uzbekistan is officially a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage. The country's official language is Uzbek, a Turkic language written in the Latin alphabet and spoken natively by approximately 85% of the population; however, Russian remains in widespread use. Uzbeks constitute 81% of the population, followed by Russians (5.4%), Tajiks (4.0%), Kazakhs (3.0%), and others (6.5%). A majority of Uzbeks are non-denominational Muslims. Uzbekistan is a member of the CIS, OSCE, UN, and the SCO. While officially a democratic republic, non-governmental human rights organizations define Uzbekistan as "an authoritarian state with limited civil rights". Uzbekistan's economy relies mainly on commodity production, including cotton, gold, uranium, and natural gas. Despite the declared objective of transition to a market economy, its government continues to maintain economic controls which imports in favour of domestic "import substitution".

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関連するJIRCASの動き

Workshop of JIRCAS Research on Measures Against Salinization in Uzbekistan

A workshop entitled “JIRCAS Research on Measures against salinization” was held in Toshkent City, Uzbekistan on March 12, 2017. JIRCAS has been carrying out a “Survey on Countermeasures against Salt Damage of Agricultural Lands by Controlling Groundwater” with subsidies from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) since FY2013.

Dr. Yukio Okuda receives the JSIRDE Best Paper Award 2018

The paper of Dr. Yukio Okuda entitled “Problems and Measures for the Adoption of Cut-drain and Its Applicability to Soil Conditions in Uzbekistan” published in the Journal of the Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Rural Engineering was awarded as 2018 JSIDRE Best Paper.

刊行物

広報JIRCAS (4)

国立研究開発法人 国際農林水産業研究センター, 広報JIRCAS4

jircas4-_-.pdf3.86 MB

Shallow sub‐surface drainage for mitigating salinization Technical Manual

Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Farmers’ Council of Uzbekistan (FC), Guideline

manual_guideline-_-.pdf3.52 MB

Мелкий закрытый дренаж для уменьшения засоленности почвы Техническое руководство

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Мелкий закрытый дренаж для уменьшения засоленности почвы Техническое руководство (Сокращенное издание)

Международный исследовательский центр по сельскохозяйственным наукам Японии (JIRCAS), Совет фермеров Узбекистана (СФ), Guideline

manual_guideline-_-.pdf1.2 MB

Events

出張報告書

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