Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences | JIRCAS


France (French: [fʁɑ̃s]), officially the French Republic (French: République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a transcontinental country comprising territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The European, or metropolitan, area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. Overseas France include French Guiana on the South American continent and several island territories in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. France spans 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and has a total population of 66.7 million. It is a unitary semi-presidential republic with the capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. The area was annexed in 51 BC by Rome, which held Gaul until 486, when the Germanic Franks conquered the region and formed the Kingdom of France. France emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years' War (1337 to 1453) strengthening state-building and political centralisation. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would be the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe's dominant cultural, political, and military power under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, and saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century Napoleon took power and established the First French Empire, whose subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in the First World War, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allied Powers in the Second World War, but came under occupation by the Axis Powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and later dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains to this day. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s with minimal controversy and typically retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts Europe's fourth-largest number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually, the most of any country in the world. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, and human development. France remains a great power in the world, being a founding member of the United Nations, where it serves as one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, and a founding and leading member state of the European Union (EU). It is also a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and La Francophonie. (DBpediaより引用)

Related JIRCAS Report


JIRCAS signs Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with iEES Paris

On 26 October 2018, JIRCAS signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishing collaborative research with the French Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences - Paris (iEES Paris).

Business Trip Reports - France

報告書番号 Trip Year and Month Country Purpose 関連プログラム
H30-0178 2018-09-2018-10 France 国際甘藷技術者会議(ISSCT)農業機械及び栽培分野の合同ワークショップへの出席と発表 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0098 2018-06-2018-08 France 1.サバクトビバッタの飛翔と卵生産に関する室内実験の実施(病害虫防除)、2.サバクトビバッタのRNA抽出法の検討(目的基礎研究) Stable Agricultural Production, Information Analysis
H30-0041 2018-05-2018-09 Germany, France CGIARシステム理事会出席及び情報収集分析 Information Analysis
H30-0058 2018-06-2018-06 France, Tanzania 1.RICE CRP 独立運営会議への出席(依頼出張)、2.実証サイト栽培試験準備、テクニカルコミッティーの開催 Stable Agricultural Production
H29-0372 2018-01-2018-03 France, Côte d'Ivoire, Nigeria CGIARの研究戦略、動向についての情報収集、アフリカヤムプロジェクト年次会議参加、アフリカ食料活動対応 Stable Agricultural Production, Information Analysis
H29-0421 2018-02-2018-03 Madagascar, France マダガスカル共同研究及びCIRAD次年度計画会議 Stable Agricultural Production
H29-0002 2017-04-2017-12 France, Colombia, Ethiopia, Germany ・CGIARの研究戦略、動向についての情報収集、・G20 MACSの参加者と意見・情報交換、会議運営についての情報収集 Information Analysis
H29-0265 2017-10-2017-10 France RICE CRP フラグシッププロジェクト2 (コメのバリューチェーンのアップグレード)プロジェクト会議出席 Value-adding Technologies
H28-0425 2017-02-2017-03 France, Nigeria 1.CGIARの研究戦略、動向についての情報収集、2.外部資金アフリカヤムプロジェクト年次会議参加 Stable Agricultural Production, Information Analysis
H28-0352 2016-11-2016-11 France CGIARの研究戦略、動向についての情報収集 Information Analysis
H28-0184 2016-09-2016-10 France, Germany The 14th Symposium on Rice Functional Genomics (14th ISRFG)参加、共同研究計画会議(ユーリヒ総合研究機構およびボン大学) Stable Agricultural Production
H28-2003 2016-05-2016-12 Kenya, Rwanda, France, Ethiopia, Brazil アフリカ連絡拠点業務、FARA会議出席、第53回熱帯生態学・保護学会(ATBC)参加、アフリカ流域管理(エチオピア高原)現地調査、理事長インセンティブ経費「北部ケニアにおける牧畜民のレジリエンス強化」に関する現地調査、ルワンダにおけるアグロフォレストリー関係者が集うワークショップ参加・情報収集、セラード開発における国際機関とJICAの研究投資の資料収集 Information Analysis
H28-2002 2016-06-2016-06 France アフリカ連絡拠点業務、第53回熱帯生態学・保護学会(ATBC)参加 Information Analysis
H28-0031 2016-06-2016-06 Netherlands, France 第25回世界食料見通し会合参加とOECDでの聞き取り Information Analysis
H28-0007 2016-04-2016-04 France 小麦イニシアティブの小麦品質と安全性に関する専門家作業グループの第1回会合に参加するため Information Analysis
H27-0350 2015-11-2015-11 France, Ghana 第56回世界水会議(WWC)理事会、第7回WWC総会、アフリカ稲作振興共同体(CARD)総会参加等のため Information Analysis
H27-0291 2015-10-2015-10 Ghana, France アフリカ稲作振興研究プロジェクト(DeriptA)現地調査及びガーナ国政策担当者との対話、並びにDeriptAラップアップワークショップ、国際灌漑排水委員会(ICID)第26回欧州地域会議及びICID第66回国際執行理事会等出席のため Stable Food Production
H27-0333 2015-10-2015-10 France 日仏合同シンポジウムでの総合地球環境学研究所・研究プロジェクト「砂漠化をめぐる風と人と土」に係る成果公表 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H27-0125 2015-06-2015-06 France GRiSP会合参加のため Information Analysis
H26-0542 2015-03-2015-03 France GRiSP会合参加のため Information Analysis