Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences | JIRCAS

Laboratory manual for studies on soybean rust resistance

Description

Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] is an economically important legume crop and is exported more than 80 million ton to the world market mainly from North and South American countries. Soybean disease, Asian soybean rust (ASR) caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sydow & P. Sydow, is one of the biggest threats to stable soybean production in South America and in the other tropical and sub-tropical regions. Thus, various studies have been done related to pathogenic variations of ASR and to development of ASR resistant cultivars in each country. Since ASR pathogens widely spread over the border, each country has to cope with this disease based on the information obtained by the common methodology of resistance evaluation. However, it was difficult to compare the pathogenicity of ASR pathogens and the degree of ASR resistance in soybean genotypes among countries because evaluation method related to ASR resistance was not standardized among the countries.

Therefore, at first, we standardized the experimental protocols: 1) multiplication of ASR urediniospores, 2) single-lesion isolation, 3) inoculation of soybean with spore suspension, 4) evaluation of ASR pathogenicity, 5) evaluation of ASR resistance in soybean genotypes, and 6) evaluation of ASR tolerance of soybean genotypes (Figure 1, Table 1) in order to obtain reproducible results of these experiments. South American ASR pathogens and the differential varieties are utilized for this work (Table 2). Then, we optimized experimental protocols related to SSR marker analysis for the marker-assisted selection (MAS) in order that domestic institutions in South America can carry out their soybean breeding programs for ASR resistance. Finally we compiled these standardized experimental protocols into a single manual: ‘Laboratory manual for studies on soybean rust resistance’ can be accessed from JIRCAS website: http://www.jircas.affrc.go.jp/english/manual/soybean_rust/JIRCAS_manual_soybean_rust.pdf.

The data for the pathogenicity of ASR pathogens and for the degree of ASR resistance in soybean genotypes obtained by following this manual can be compared with the data previously obtained (Akamatsu et al., 2013). Therefore, this manual can promote the researches related to the pathogenic variations of ASR pathogens and the marker-assisted soybean breeding for ASR resistant cultivars.

Figure, table

  1. Fig. 1. Evaluation process for Asian soybean rust (ASR) resistance. The numbers in the figure correspond to that of Table 1.
    Fig. 1. Evaluation process for Asian soybean rust (ASR) resistance. The numbers in the figure correspond to that of Table 1.
  2. Table 1. Contents of the manual for Asian soybean rust (ASR) resistance.

    Table 1. Contents of the manual for Asian soybean rust (ASR) resistance.
  3. Table 2. Example of pathogenic data for Asian soybean rust (ASR) pathogens based on the resistance reactions of the differential varieties.

    Table 2. Example of pathogenic data for Asian soybean rust (ASR) pathogens based on the resistance reactions of the differential varieties.
Affiliation

Biological Resources and Post-harvest Division, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences

Classification

Research B

Program name

Stable Food Production

Term of research

FY 2013 (FY 2011-FY 2015)

Responsible researcher
  • Yamanaka Naoki (Biological Resources and Post-harvest Division)
  • Akamatsu Hajime (Biological Resources and Post-harvest Division)
  • Yamaoka Yuuichi (University of Tsukuba)
  • Publication, etc.

    “Laboratory manual for studies on soybean rust resistance” http://www.jircas.affrc.go.jp/english/manual/soybean_rust/JIRCAS_manual_soybean_rust.pdf

    Yamanaka, N. et al. (2013) Crop Breed Appl Biotechnol, 13: 75-82 DOI: 10.1590/S1984-70332013000100009

    Akamatsu, H. et al. (2013) J Gen Plant Pathol, 79: 28-40 DOI: 10.1007/s10327-012-0421-7

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