Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences | JIRCAS

Potentialities of Natural Dyestuffs as Antifeedants against Varied Carpet Beetle, <i>Anthrenus verbasci</i>

Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly
ISSN
00213551
NII recode ID (NCID)
AA0068709X
Full text

We studied damage to wool fabrics dyed with different natural and chemical dyestuffs by the larvae of varied carpet beetle, Anthrenus verbasci, as part of a study on the functions of natural dyestuffs. Eight of ten natural dyestuffs showed an antifeeding effect against A. verbasci. Strength of the antifeeding effect of natural dyestuffs in a feeding preference test was in the order lac dye, gallnut, catechu, red cabbage, Cricula cocoon extract > cochineal, indigo, Amur cork tree extract > chemical dye. Lithospermi radix and turmeric were less effective against A. verbasci. The damage to dyed fabrics by the insect was not related to the extent of color depth or shade of the dyed fabric. Water-soluble substances having absorption peaks at around 280 nm, commonly were present in the natural dyestuffs except for turmeric. The polyphenols, tannic acid and catechin having absorption peaks at around 280 nm, seemed to be not related with the antifeeding effect. An alkali degummed Cricula cocoon sample that had almost all of the cocoon filament sericin removed showed almost the same level of damage by insect feeding as that of natural Cricula cocoons.

Date of issued2004-10-01
CreatorKATO HiroshiHATA TamakoTSUKADA Masuhiro
Subject

fabric insect pest

extracts of natural pigment

feeding test

feeding preference test

absorption spectra

PublisherJapan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
Dates2004-10-01
NII resource type vocabularyJournal Article
Volume38
Issue4
spage241
epage251
DOI10.6090/jarq.38.241
RightsJapan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
Languageeng