Social Impact of Transmigration in Sumatra, Indonesia




Transmigration interferes with the socio-economic conditions of local people in Indonesia . In Sumatra, where most of the transmigrants have settled, Iocal people used to derive their main source of income from jungle rubber. They implemented a type of agroforestry by planting jungle rubber through selective and partial clearing of forestland combined with the cultivation of upland rice for a period of one to two years. Now the use of the forest by local people around areas of Transmigration projects has become limited. Therefore, in the local villages, buying and selling of rubber land have increased and the socio-economic differentiation of rubber smallholders has progressed.


Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences Forestry Division

International Centre for Research in Agroforestry


Technical A

Term of research


Responsible researcher

MIYAMOTO Motoe ( Forestry Division )

Japanese PDF

1998_13_A3_ja.pdf498.41 KB

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