Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences | JIRCAS

Food Security Related to Market-oriented and Future Direction of Agriculture in Lao PDR

JIRCAS International Symposium Proceedings
Full text

The economic theory is to assist farmers to shift from subsistence to market-oriented production in
order to increase food security. Usually this means they obtain cash to cover rice shortages. A common
understanding is that production technology is the key. There are risks associated with this shift, because
markets are not well understood. The main focus has been on the production side, but market unpredictability
has been problematic. The approach of developing a crop technology first and then searching for a market
outlet increases risk. Therefore, the government will focus more on the two main aspects in the agricultural
sector, the food security and the commercialization of agriculture are to be promoted till year 2015.
Technology-driven market transition has been risky. Cash crops should not be promoted unless the market
is well-understood. The local-level organization should focus not only on production, but also on processing
and marketing. Equity in access to opportunities is the key to understanding the economic impact of
markets. And the skills to support market-oriented production are still lacking at the local level. There is
a need for not only technical expertise, but also the experience with contracts, marketing and negotiation,
etc.

Date of issued2013-11-20
CreatorLinkham Douangsavanh
Subject

Food security

Subsistence

Market

Production technology

Processing

Local government

PublisherJapan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
Dates2013-11-20
Issue2013
spage46
epage58
RightsJapan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
Languageeng