Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences | JIRCAS

Development of Rice Varieties for Whole Crop Silage (WCS) in Japan

Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly
ISSN
00213551
NII recode ID (NCID)
AA0068709X
Full text

Over-production of rice has been a problem for the past 40 years in Japan. On the other hand, there is also a need for an increase in the production of domestic bulk feed in Japan. Whole crop silage (WCS) rice is being promoted by the government. The whole aerial parts consisting of grains, leaves and stems are harvested at the yellow ripening stage. At present, about 12 WCS rice varieties have been bred and are commonly used in Japan. The total digestible nutrients (TDN) yields of WCS varieties are 3 to 27% higher than those of ordinary rice varieties. The lodging resistances of most of the WCS varieties are “High”. Most WCS varieties are basically Japonica, but a few Indica varieties have been used in their parentage.

Date of issued2008-10-01
CreatorKATO Hiroshi
Subject

brown rice yield

dairy and beef cattle

lodging resistance

stem and leaf yield

total digestible nutrients (TDN) yield

PublisherJapan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
Dates2008-10-01
NII resource type vocabularyJournal Article
Volume42
Issue4
spage231
epage236
DOI10.6090/jarq.42.231
RightsJapan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences
Languageeng