Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences | JIRCAS

Palau

Palau (/pəˈlaʊ/, historically Belau or Pelew), officially the Republic of Palau (Palauan: Beluu er a Belau), is an island country with a population of 17,948 on 465 km2, located in the western Pacific Ocean. It contains approximately 250 islands, which form the western chain of the Caroline Islands in Micronesia. The most populous of these is Koror. The capital Ngerulmud is located on the nearby island of Babeldaob, in Melekeok State. Palau shares maritime boundaries with Indonesia, the Philippines, and the Federated States of Micronesia. The country was originally settled approximately 3,000 years ago by migrants from the Philippines and sustained a Negrito population until around 900 years ago. The islands were first explored by Europeans in the 16th century, and were made part of the Spanish East Indies in 1574. Following Spain's defeat in the Spanish–American War in 1898, the islands were sold to Imperial Germany in 1899 under the terms of the German–Spanish Treaty, where they were administered as part of German New Guinea. The Imperial Japanese Navy conquered Palau during World War I, and the islands were later made a part of the Japanese-ruled South Pacific Mandate by the League of Nations. During World War II, skirmishes, including the major Battle of Peleliu, were fought between American and Japanese troops as part of the Mariana and Palau Islands campaign. Along with other Pacific Islands, Palau was made a part of the United States-governed Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands in 1947. Having voted against joining the Federated States of Micronesia in 1979, the islands gained full sovereignty in 1994 under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Politically, Palau is a presidential republic in free association with the United States, which provides defense, funding, and access to social services. Legislative power is concentrated in the bicameral Palau National Congress. Palau's economy is based mainly on tourism, subsistence agriculture and fishing, with a significant portion of gross national product (GNP) derived from foreign aid. The country uses the United States dollar as its currency. The islands' culture mixes Japanese, Micronesian and Melanesian elements. The majority of citizens are of mixed Micronesian, Melanesian, and Austronesian descent, with significant groups descended from Japanese and Filipino settlers. The country's two official languages are Palauan (member of the wider Sunda–Sulawesi language group) and English, with Japanese, Sonsorolese, and Tobian recognised as regional languages. (DBpediaより引用)

Business Trip Reports - Palau

報告書番号 Trip Year and Month Country Purpose 関連プログラム
H30-0046 2018-05-2018-07 Thailand, Palau 1.タイ:C5実証試験におけるモニタリング及び収穫、生産性評価、2.パラオ:A3プロカウンターパート機関訪問及びバベルダオブ島周辺水中予備調査 Value-adding Technologies, Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0108 2018-06-2018-07 Palau バベルダオブ島陸水及び沿岸域の調査 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0107 2018-06-2018-06 Palau 環境保全型作物栽培技術実証試験調査 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H30-0017 2018-04-2018-05 Palau 技術実証試験における調査ならびに実施体制の強化 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0414 2018-01-2018-03 Malaysia, Palau マレーシア西海岸ハイガイ養殖漁場環境調査およびパラオ・バベルダオブ島河川および周辺水域調査 Value-adding Technologies, Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0498 2018-03-2018-03 Palau パラオバベルダオブ島河川および周辺水域調査 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0499 2018-03-2018-03 Palau ガリメルダム流域の土砂流出や沈殿池の維持管理並びに水・栄養塩循環や水資源に係る調査 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0422 2018-01-2018-02 Palau 草地植生における技術実証圃場整備 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0423 2018-02-2018-02 Palau トレンチャーの運転講習、実証圃場整備、果樹台木苗育成 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0331 2017-11-2017-12 Palau, Uzbekistan 1.草地植生における技術実証準備、2.JIRCASセミナー「塩害軽減のための浅層暗渠排水」参加(ウズベキスタン) Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0332 2017-11-2017-11 Palau トレンチャーの動作確認及び果樹接木・剪定 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0289 2017-10-2017-11 Palau パラオバベルダオブ島河川および周辺水域調査/土壌の透水係数に係る試験適地の選定、SWATモデルの駆動に必要な土壌の透水係数に関するデータセットの構築、負圧浸入計による異なる現地土壌の透水性の評価 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0119 2017-07-2017-09 Malaysia, Palau マレーシア西海岸ハイガイ養殖漁場環境調査、パラオバベルダオブ島河川および周辺水域調査及びキックオフミーティング出席 Value-adding Technologies, Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0193 2017-09-2017-09 Palau パラオにおける持続可能な資源管理システムの開発に関するワークショップ出席及び関係機関との意見交換 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0194 2017-09-2017-09 Palau ワークショップ開催、水文水質調査 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0218 2017-09-2017-09 Palau パラオにおける持続可能な資源管理システムの開発に関するワークショップ出席及び関係機関との意見交換 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0166 2017-07-2017-08 Palau パラオバベルダオブ島河川および周辺水域調査 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0192 2017-08-2017-09 Palau ワークショップ開催、技術実証 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0195 2017-09-2017-09 Palau パラオにおける持続可能な資源管理システムの開発に関するワークショップ出席及び関係機関との意見交換 Environment and Natural Resource Management
H29-0086 2017-06-2017-06 Palau パラオ共和国における地域資源を活用した環境保全型栽培と土地・資源管理手法に係る技術実証準備 Environment and Natural Resource Management
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