Role of International Organizations in Global Genetic Resources Management
JIRCAS international symposium series
No country, however rich in genetic diversity, can be self-sufficient in plant genetic resources. Both developed and developing countries rely on introduced crops for a large part of their production and consumption. In some countries, crops introduced from other parts of the world have become a national dietary staple and a major export. The fact that nations may be dependent on genetic diversity found outside their borders brings with it a global responsibility to ensure the availability of plant genetic resources to those who need them. This requires an effective international system for the conservation and use of plant genetic resources. To succeed, such a system must complement national capacities to conserve and utilize plant genetic resources. Not only are countries uniquely placed to identify their own genetic resources needs, it is ultimately their responsibility to conserve their natural heritage. It is in turn the responsibility of the global community to ensure that these national programs have the capacity to safeguard the diversity of useful and potentially useful plants. Many international organizations can play an important role in supporting the development of the national capacity and thereby develop a global system for plant genetic resources management.
|公開者||Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences|